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Sector 1. Iles Tuamotu, Iles Marquises, Iles de la Societe, and Iles Tubuai

50m long in 5m of water, and landing ramps, were constructed in its E part.

1.33

Aspect.—The access channel is marked, on each side, by

two beacons. There is a disused airfield, built to accommodate medium size transport aircraft, on the NE coast of the atoll.

Caution.—It is reported that the pass of Fangataufa is ob- structed by a chain boom. This boom can be moved by agree- ment with the local military authority.

1.33 1.33

Fangataufa is classified as a Common Military Zone. The

zone includes the lagoon areas enclosed by the atoll and by baselines linking the closet points emerging from the reef on both sides of the channel. Entry is prohibited without authori- zation.

1.34 Mururoa (Mururura) (21°50'S., 138°55'W.) is an

atoll about 15 miles long in an ENE-WSW direction and about 8 miles wide. The NW side of the atoll is low and the reef on that side is covered. The reef projects about 0.2 mile from the atoll on the E side and 0.1 mile on the W side.

1.34

Depths—Limitations.—The inner channel, with a least

depth of 10.2m and a width of 100m, leads into the lagoon. The fairway is marked by buoys and lighted beacons. Currents in the entrance channel are generally variable, but usually set along the channel axis at rates of less than 1 knot.

1.34

Several channels lead to various berths throughout the atoll.

A pier, with depths of 11m alongside, exists here, with a spur pier extending SE of it. This extension is about 150m in length, with alongside depths of 3 to 7m.

1.34

Aspect.—Large blockhouses stand on the atoll’s N and SW

points. Towers, with a height of 15 to 80m, moveable derricks, and other structures are visible at several points around the atoll. An airstrip lies on the NE portion of the group.

1.34 1.34

A light, with a racon, is shown from the center of the lagoon Pilotage.—Pilotage is available.

1.34

Anchorage.—Vessels anchor in the E part of the lagoon, in

varying depths from 20 to 30m, moderate holding ground. Winds from NW can raise a heavy sea. There is a mooring buoy in the anchorage zone.

1.34

Directions.—The entrance to the lagoon is on NW side of

the atoll. Ilot Giroflee lies on the S side of the entrance. The lagoon has an average depth of 37m; however, it is encumbered with dangerous coral patches.

1.34

The lagoon is entered with a lighted beacon (21°49.6'S.,

138°52.8'W.) bearing 096.5°, situated at the center of the lagoon.

1.34

Caution.—It is reported that the pass of Mururoa, as well as

the N and S approaches, are obstructed by a chain boom. This boom can be moved by agreement with the local military authority.

1.34

Mururoa is classified as a National Defense Protected Zone.

The zone includes the lagoon areas enclosed by the atoll and by baselines linking the closet points emerging from the reef on both sides of the channel. Entry is prohibited without authorization.

1.35 Tematagi (Tematangi) (21°40'S., 140°37'W.) is the

farthest W of the dependencies of Iles Gambier. The atoll is about 7 miles in extent. The sea breaks violently on some coral blocks on the NW side. The bridge of a sunken landing craft is easily seen on the NW point. Landing is fairly easy and safe a

13

few hundred meters N of the SW point of the atoll; there is no pass into the lagoon.

A rocky spit, with a depth of 3m, extends about 1.5 miles SE from the SE extremity of the atoll.

1.35 1.35

Tureia (20°49'S., 138°32'W.) 7 miles long and 5.5 mile

wide, is low and wooded except on the SE side; the lagoon is not accessible. Landing at the village on the N side is danger- ous and requires the use of a surf boat.

1.35

Vanavana (20°47'S., 139°08'W.), a small atoll 1.5 miles in

diameter, has thick and bushy vegetation growing on it. There is no entrance into the lagoon. The landing place, which can be reached only in a light swell, is at the W end of the atoll, close N of a gap in the coconut palms. A 4m high rock lying on the atoll may appear larger than its actual size due to a mirage effect.

1.35

Pinaki (19°24'S., 138°40'W.) is a small atoll, wooded with

coconut palms; the land is not more than 2m high. Landing is possible near a village on the NW side. The atoll is populated only during the copra harvest.

1.35

Nukutavake is a small island, of coral formation, located

about 8 miles NW of Pinaki. It is about 3 miles long in an E-W direction, and is wooded except at its E end. There is a radio station on the island.

1.35

In May, June, and July the population of this atoll moves to

Vairaatea, and in August, to Pinaki to harvest copra. 1.36 Vairaatea (19°21'S., 139°13'W.) is comprised of The surf is heavy and landing is difficult; the usual place is

islands joined by a barrier reef surrounding a lagoon.

1.36

near a shed with a flagstaff situated on the NW end of the atoll. There is a village on the atoll’s NW.

1.36

Vahitahi (18°47'S., 138°50'W.) is an atoll located about 29

miles N of Nukutavake. The lagoon is not accessible from the sea. The shores of Vahitahi are steep-to except the S part, which should not be approached within 0.3 mile. A village lies on the atoll’s W end. It may be approached via a channel dug into the coral, leading to a small harbor equipped with a jetty and a wharf.

1.36

Akiaki (18°33'S., 139°13'W.), NW of Vahitahi, is a small

island of coral formation. There is a landing on the NW side that is difficult.

1.37 Reao (18°31'S., 136°23'W.) is a narrow atoll, 12

miles long in a NW-SE direction, and about 2 miles wide. A large white building on the W extremity of the atoll is conspicuous when seen from the SW.

1.37

The best landing is at the NW point near the village. When

landing is not possible there, boats can land close S of the large white building.

1.37

Pukarua, 32 miles WNW of Reao, is about 10 miles long SE-

NW. The NW side of the atoll is wooded and its S side presents a series of wooded clusters.

1.37

The lagoon is inaccessible from the sea, but landing can be

effected on the shore N of the NW extremity, or on the W coast opposite the village. The coast is dangerous and should not be approached at night.

1.37

Tatakoto (17°20'S., 138°25'W.) is a low atoll about 90 miles

NW of Pukaruha that is wooded on the NW part. The lagoon is inaccessible from the sea, but a landing may be made near a copra shed adjacent to a village on the atoll’s W side. The land-

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