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188

Sector 6. Iles Loyaute to the Santa Cruz Islands

rocky bank, and 0.25 mile SE of the rock is an apparently iso- lated sunken rock on which the sea breaks heavily in rough weather. A rock which the sea breaks on lies 0.4 mile ENE of the N extremity of the island.

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Anchorage.—Anchorage has been taken, in 26m, about 0.5

mile W of the island. The best anchorage, in depths of 9 to 11m, lies about 0.2 mile from the beach, abreast the landing place on the SW side of the island.

6.80 Fatutaka Island (Mitre Island) (11°55'S., 170°12'E.)

lies 26 miles SE of Anuda Island. The island is steep and wooded, and consists of two hills and a rock, giving it the appearance of a mitre. A shoal, with a depth of 23m, lies 71 miles E of Fatutaka .

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Strathmore Shoal (11°09'S., 170°42'E.) is about 135m in

extent, with depths of 7.3 to 9.1m. In 1961, the shoal was reported to lie about 6.5 miles ESE of its charted position. A shoal, with a depth of 9.1m, was reported to lie about 35 miles N of Anuda Island. This shoal has not been examined. In 1989, a shoal with a depth of 14m was reported to lie in position 11°03'S, 169°55'E.

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Pandora Bank (12°11'S., 172°05'E.) has a depth of 20.1m

and is steep-to on its W side. A ship obtained a sounding of 26m in position 12°01'S, 172°09'E. This sounding may have been obtained on Pandora Bank, which may be much more ex- tensive than originally supposed, or the sounding may indicate a separate bank. A bank, with depths of 20.1 to 37m, was re- ported extending 6 miles bearing 062° from a point in position 12°32'S, 172°03'E.

Charlotte Bank (11°47'S., 173°13'E.) has a depth of 27m and is reported to lie about 14.5 miles from its charted position. Hazel Holme Bank (12°48'S., 174°01'E.), with a least depth

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of 31m, is 5 miles long in a NE-SW direction, and has a maxi- mum width of 3.5 miles. A depth of 29m is charted 25 miles SE of Hazel Holme Bank.

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Alexa Bank (11°36'S., 175°07'E.) has the shape of a

triangle, with the apex being its W extremity and the base is its E side. The bank is 18 miles in length in an E-W direction. Depths on the bank range from 24 to 46m. Penguin Bank, located 3.5 miles NE of Alexa Bank, has a least depth of 27m. Morton Bank (11°44'S., 176°18'E.) is a steep-to reef about

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2 miles in extent in a N-S direction. The bank has a least depth of 16.5m, fine coral sand. It has been reported that the bank lies about 3 miles SSW of the above position.

The Santa Cruz Islands

6.81 The Santa Cruz Islands (10°00'S., 165°35'E.) lie

from 85 to 190 miles N of the Torres Islands, and consist of four large islands and several smaller ones. The current be- tween the Torres Islands and the Santa Cruz Islands generally runs to the W, varying between the SW and NW, according to the direction of the wind. The rate of the current depends on the force of the wind.

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The Vanikolo Islands (Vanikoro Islands) (11°40'S.,

166°54'E.) are composed of two islands of volcanic origin, Vanikolo Island and Tevai Island. Mount Popogia, 924m high, rises almost in the center of Vanikolo Island and streams of lava are still perceptible. The barrier reef encircling these is- lands in some places lies up to 2.5 miles from the shore. A

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6.82 Tevai Island (11°38'S., 166°58'E.), which nearly

occupies all of the large bay on the NE side of Vanikolo Island, is covered with pine trees. It is separated from Vanikolo Island by Dillon Passage, about 0.3 mile wide between shorelines. Tevai Bay, between the S side of Tevai Island and the E end of Vanikolo Island, is about 1 mile in width in the entrance N of Dillon Head. There is an anchorage for small vessels in Tevai Bay, off the village of Ocili, but it is not recommended. Manevai Bay (11°39'S., 166°56'E.), W of Tevai Island, is

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divided into two parts, an outer anchorage and an inner anchor- age. The bay may be entered from the E through Dillon Pass- age, or from the N through Hayes Channel, an opening in the barrier reef. The shores of Manevai Bay are bordered by reefs, which render landing difficult. Small vessels may enter the bay by Northeast Passage, which lies N of Tevai Island.

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The bay affords anchorage in the open space NE of Mauso-

leum Bank, in 51m, mud. The best anchorage for moderate- sized vessels, in 26 to 29m, lies S of Mausoleum Bank. The Naunha Passages (Naunonga Passages) (11°35'S.,

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166°54'E.) are two openings in the barrier reef off the N side of Vanikolo Island. The W passage lies 0.3 mile W of Naunha Islet and has an unexamined shoal in its fairway. The E passage has depths of 12.8 to 16.4m, but there are some patches with depths of 8.2 to 9.1m. Vessels with local knowledge generally use the E passage.

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Nimbe Bay (11°42'S., 166°56'E.) is entered about 2 miles

WSW of Astrolabe Point, the SE extremity of Vanikolo Island. In the middle of the entrance between the reefs, which extend from both entrance points, are three detached reefs with channels between them, and there are a number of coral heads near the middle of the bay.

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Saboe Bay, located 3.5 miles W of Nimbe Bay, has depths of

46m and is clear except for a detached reef, marked by a buoy, on the E side of the entrance. It has been reported the bay affords good anchorage, however, it is not recommended for large ships, because of the constricted nature of the entrance. Anchorage has been taken, in 37m, good holding ground, near the head of the bay.

6.83 Pallu Passage (11°43'S., 166°49'E.) is an opening in

the barrier reef on the SW side of Vanikolo Island. The narrow- est part of the entrance has a width of 160m. The passage is marked by a number of navigational aids. Anchorage has been taken, in 22m, with the white store in the village of Peou bear- ing 032°, distant 0.2 mile. The anchorage is considered satis- factory for vessels under 5,000 grt.

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Utupua Island (11°19'S., 166°32'E.) is located about 20

miles NW of Vanikolo Island. The island is almost completely encircled by a coral reef, which extends in some places to about 2.5 miles from the shore. The NW side of the reef breaks

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short reef also encircles nearly every part of the coast of each of these islands. Between the barrier reef and the shore reef, the depths vary from 18.3 to 82m, but there are numerous coral rocks which render the inner navigation very dangerous. When a vessel is approaching from the SW, the sandy beach

at Peou (11°41'S., 166°50'E.) forms a good landmark, as it can be seen a good distance from offshore. This beach, with a small patch about 0.5 mile to the E, is all that can be found within a stretch of 5 to 6 miles. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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