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Sector 6. Iles Loyaute to the Santa Cruz Islands

Banks Islands. They are of coral formation, some being flat- topped, others rising in terraces to peaked hills.

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Toga Island (South Island) (13°26'S., 166°41'E.) lies about

37 miles W of Ureparapara Island. The island is flat-topped and bluff in most places. A reef extends at least 135m from the SE point of the island, and fringes the other points and the coast where not abruptly terminated by cliffs. The best landing place is between Breneod Point and Merret Point, the NW and N extremities of the island.

The anchorage off Pilier Point (13°27'S., 166°41'E.) is pre- carious. A heavy swell sets in during fresh trade winds. Dumanoir Channel, separating Toga Island from Loh Island, is about 2.3 miles wide and apparently deep, but has not been surveyed. A reef, the extent of which is not known, projects into the channel from the S extremity of Loh Island. Heavy overfalls are found in this channel.

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Loh Island (Saddle Island) (13°22'S., 166°38'E.), located

2.25 miles NNW of Toga Island, has the shape of a saddle, which gives it the appearance of two islands when seen from the SW. The SW and W sides of the island are fringed by reefs for a short distance offshore. A reef extends from the S extre- mity of the island.

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Vi Paka Anchorage (13°22'S., 166°38'E.), a bay on the W

side of Loh Island, affords anchorage, in 33m, about 0.3 mile offshore, with Leffondre Point bearing 324°. A vessel reported finding anchorage, in 49m, 1 mile NNE of the S peak of the is- land.

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Log Bay (13°21'S., 166°39'E.), on the NE side of Loh

Island, recedes about 0.5 mile in a W direction. Reefs fringe the entrance points and other parts of the bay. The bay has patches of sandy beach and landing on the NW side is not diffi- cult.

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Grande Channel (13°18'S., 166°38'E.), separating Tegua

Island from Loh Island, is 2.5 miles wide and deep in the fair- way. It was reported that reefs and discolored water extend 0.4 mile off the N end of Loh Island.

6.77 Tegua Island (Middle Island) (13°16'S., 166°37'E.)

lies on the N side of Grande Channel, 2.75 miles N of Loh Island. Scorff Bay, 1.75 miles ENE of the S extremity, is clear of dangers, except for the reefs at the head of the bay. The depths in the bay have been reported to be more irregular than those charted. Anchorage may be obtained, in a depth of 38m, with the entrance points of the bay bearing 188° and 124°. From Dupond Point (13°16'S., 166°39'E.) to Loutil Point,

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the NE extremity of Tegua Island, there is a fringing reef. Basi- lisk Shoal lies off the NE side of Tegua Island, about 1.3 miles NNE of Loutil Point, but the position is doubtful. The shoal was reported to have a depth of 11m.

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Metoma Island (Ovale Island) (13°14'S., 166°36'E.),

btween Hiu Island and Tegua Island, is the smallest of the Torres group. D’Hestreux Passage, between Metuma Island and Tegua Island, is navigable only by boats. Cosmao Passage lies between Hiu Island and Metoma Island. On both sides of the channel, fringing reefs extend from the shore, reducing the navigable width to about 0.3 mile. Depths of 18.3 to 35m are charted in the fairway.

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Hayter Bay (Lonakwarenga Bay) (13°16'S., 166°36'E.), on

the W side of Tegua Island, affords anchorage, in 29m, about 0.5 mile from its head. The anchorage is partly protected by

6.79 Tikopia Island (Tucopia Island)

(12°18'S.,

168°49'E.) lies about 138 miles ENE of Hiu Island. It has been reported that the island may be approached in safety on all sides. The island appears as an old volcano, of which one of the sides has fallen into the sea. The interior of the crater consists of a deep fresh water lake. From the SW point, a reef, plainly seen, extends out about 1 mile. There are sandy beaches on the E and W sides of the island. Several huts stand on the beaches. Ringdove Anchorage (12°16'S., 168°48'E.) is a bight in the

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fringing reef on the W side of Tikopia Island; it affords some shelter from the prevailing winds. It was reported a vessel ob- tained anchorage in a depth of 27m, with the N edge of a con- spicuous bluff bearing 107°, the NW extremity of the island bearing 059°, and the SW extremity bearing 201°. This position affords swinging room of about 0.1 mile clear of the shoal patches to the E. In 1985, a vessel reported anchoring with the bluff bearing 104°, 0.4 mile distant.

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Small craft can anchor, in 11 to 18.3m, with the conspicuous

bluff bearing about 100°, about 160m from the edge of the fringing reef.

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Anuda Island (Cherry Island) (11°35'S., 169°51'E.) lies

about 73 miles NE of Tikopia Island. This minute island is densely covered with vegetation and there is a sandy beach along its W side. A drying reef fringes the S and W sides of the island and attains a maximum width of 0.2 mile off the S side. About 0.9 mile SE of the S end of the island lies Southeast Rock, 6.1m above water, which is joined to the island by a

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Ngwel Reef (Ethel Reef), lying in the SW approach to the bay. Ngwel Reef (Ethel Reef) is separated from the S entrance point of Hayter Bay by Guichen Channel, about 0.3 mile wide and deep in the fairway.

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Ravallec Shoal, with a depth of 9.1m, lies about 0.5 mile

NW of Pilot Point (13°15'S., 166°36'E.), the N entrance point to Hayter Bay. A patch, with a depth of 5.5m, and a shoal on which the sea breaks, lie about 0.2 mile SSW and about 0.4 mile SSE, respectively, of Pilot Point, each being about 0.2 mile from the N shore. Other dangers not charted may exist in this vicinity.

6.78 Hiu Island (North Island) (13°09'S., 166°35'E.), the

largest and highest of the Torres group, is about 7 miles in length and 3 miles in width. The S part of the island is an elevated and thickly-wooded plateau rising at a distance of about 2.5 miles from the S extremity to a height of 518m, from where it slopes gradually in terraces toward the N extremity. The shore points of the island are low and prolonged under water to as much as 0.15 mile. It is recommended to give these points a good berth.

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Picot Bay lies on the NW side of Hiu Island and affords tol-

erable anchorage. Vessels may obtain anchorage, in a depth of 29m, with a distinctive patch of white sand on the beach bear- ing 099°. Vessels also anchor 0.5 mile offshore, with the white patch on the N end of a hill bearing 126°.

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Giraudeau Reef (13°05'S., 166°35'E.), which generally

breaks, extends nearly 1 mile off the N extremity of Hiu Island. A wide berth should be given to the reef.

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