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Sector 6. Iles Loyaute to the Santa Cruz Islands

Island. Pilotin Islet lies about 1.3 miles SE of Ladharo Island, with a passage between it and the coast.

6.68 Turtle Bay (15°21'S., 167°11'E.) (World Port Index

No. 57180) lies about 5.5 miles S of Requin Bay. The bay affords anchorage, in a depth of 18.3m. Henaff Point, the N entrance point to Turtle Bay, shows a beacon N and S of the point, and two buoys in line off the point. There is a wharf and a beacon on the W side of the bay; another beacon stands on the NW side of the head of the bay. A dangerous coral head lies close E of the wharf.

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Tambo Passage is the deep and clear passage to Turtle Bay.

A fairway through the middle of the passage has been wire dragged to a depth of 16.7m. To enter Turtle Bay by way of Tambo Passage, permission must be obtained from the local authorities, and a pilot must be boarded.

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On the S side of the passage is Turtle Islet (Mailila Islet),

from which reefs extend 0.25 mile to the N. Mafea Island, densely wooded, lies about 1 mile SSE of Turtle Islet. A num- ber of tall palm trees and a beacon stand on the W coast of Mafea Island. Several islets, connected by reefs and marked by beacons and buoys, lie close to the Espiritu Santo shore and can best be seen on the chart.

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Ais Island (Aesi Island) (15°26'S., 167°15'E.), 3 miles long

in a N-S direction, low, and wooded, lies between Mafea Island on the N and Palikoulo Island to the South. Ais Island and Mafea Island are separated by Undine Passage, which is deep and clear of dangers. Ais Island and Palikoulo Island are separated by Diamond Passage, which is also deep and free of dangers. The fairways through both of these passages has been wire dragged to a depth of 16.7m. Palikoulo Island, which shows a light, is connected to the Palikoulo Peninsula by a causeway.

Anchorage may be obtained off the SW side of Ais Island, sheltered from winds between the N and E, in depths of 29 to 40m, with the center of the village bearing 070° and Palikoulo Point bearing 166°. A shoal, with a depth of 8.2m, lies about 0.1 mile NNE of the anchorage. The fairway to the anchorage is marked by buoys and can best be seen on the chart.

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Surundu Bay (15°28'S., 167°13'E.) indents the shore of

Espiritu Santo W of the S end of Ais Island. The bay has numerous reefs and coral patches, but affords good anchorage to small craft. The entrance, known as Cassiopee Passage, has a least depth of 2.1m.

6.69 Palikoulo Bay (15°29'S., 167°14'E.) (World Port

Index No. 57190), entered between Palikoulo Point and Cape Undine, 1.25 miles NW, is sheltered except from winds be- tween the N and E, but the depths are irregular. A 4.7m patch, best seen on the chart, lies about 0.8 miles SW of Palikoulo Point, and is marked by a buoy. A wreck is reported to lie stranded on a reef about 1 mile SW of Palikoulo Point. The buoys charted along the shores of Palikoulo Bay were reported to no longer exist

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Depths—Limitations.—There is a wharf, about 40m long

with depths of 9.7 to 10.6m, on the E side of Palikoulo Bay. The largest vessel to berth at this wharf was a 16,000 grt tanker. The wharf was reported to be in need of repair. There is one tanker mooring buoy, with a pipeline to the shore.

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6.71 Lakona Bay (14°17'S., 167°25'E.) lies about 2 miles

N of the SW extremity of Santa Maria Island. Anchorage is afforded, in a depth of 18.3m, 0.3 mile offshore and 0.5 mile SW of a conspicuous waterfall located in the N part of the bay. Anchorage may be obtained, in a depth of 26m, in a bight about 0.5 mile outside the fringing reef, off a mission station, about 1.8 miles N of the waterfall in Lakona Bay.

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Masevonu Anchorage (14°10'S., 167°30'E.) lies on the N

side of Santa Maria Island, 2.5 miles E of Low Rocky Point. Vessels anchor, in about 22m, about 0.1 mile from the reef which forms the E side of the anchorage. The locality may be recognized by a conspicuous large house which stands about 0.5 mile E of the anchorage.

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Losolava Anchorage lies about 3.5 miles E of Masevonu

Anchorage. The sea breaks heavily on the reefs on either side of the entrance, which is about 0.2 mile wide. There is a small red rock about 1 mile W of the entrance, which assists in identifying it, and close W of the rock there is a small hill close to the coast.

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Pilotage.—Pilotage is compulsory, except for vessels of the

South Pacific Fishing Company. Arrangements should be made through the Luganville harbormaster.

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Anchorage.—Small vessels can find good, but restricted an-

chorage, in about 18.3m, at the head of the bay, with the pier at Benkula village bearing about 186°, and the opening between the N extremity of the Palikoulo Peninsula and Palikoulo Island, bearing 052°.

The Banks Islands

6.70 The Banks Islands (13°15'S., 167°15'E.) consist of a

number of volcanic islands lying from 50 to 100 miles NE of the N point of Espiritu Santo. With the exception of Dives Bay and Port Patteson, there are no harbors in the group. Landings on the S and SE sides of the islands is usually impracticable, but on the lee side it can be effected without risk. Earthquakes are frequent, but no great damage has been recorded.

Winds—Weather.—The cyclones which are experienced in the S part of Vanuatu are seldom felt in the Banks Islands. Tides—Currents.—The currents among the islands of this

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group appear to be affected by the winds, their rate being from 0.5 to 1 knot, according to the force of the wind.

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Santa Maria Island (Gaua Island) (14°15'S., 167°30'E.) lies

about 50 miles NE of the N extremity of Espiritu Santo Island. The island is nearly round, flat topped, and thickly wooded. The NW and SW points of the island are both steep cliffs. The NE and N coasts are bordered to a distance of 0.75 mile by a reef in which there are three openings, each affording anchor- age to small vessels in good weather.

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In the center of the island there is a large lake, with a depth

of 99m. A 120m waterfall is conspicuous from seaward from points E of the island as it descends from the lake. There are some sulphur springs on the W side of the hills forming the basin of the lake.

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Caution.—Caution must be exercised when approaching the

E or NE side of the island at night, as the low land projecting in front of the mountains render the estimation of distance diffi- cult. Mission stations are established at several places along the coast. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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