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Sector 6. Iles Loyaute to the Santa Cruz Islands

depth of 22m, between the yellow cliffs and a rock, 1.8m high, and the E side of the entrance, with the extremity of the yellow cliff in line with the W point of Watounrowo Bay. This anchorage is dangerous during heavy weather, but during good weather is one of the best around the island.

In Watounrowo Bay, there is a copra station which is con- spicuous from offshore. A white beach between black rocks can also be seen. The white beach is partly protected by small patches of coral, between which boats can pass and effect a landing, usually without difficulty.

6.42

6.43 Bice Road (Longuagua Road) (15°19'S., 167°55'E.)

is an open anchorage about 2 miles SW of Watounrowo Bay. There is anchorage, in a depth of 18.3m, 0.15 mile off the reef, which fringes the coast to a distance of nearly 0.1 mile off- shore. Two leading beacons, in line on a bearing of 188°, leads to the anchorage. Two miles W of Bice Road there is an an- chorage, in 26m, off a mission station, which is visible from seaward, and another mission 0.75 mile E has a conspicuous red roof.

6.43

Walourigi Anchorage (15°20'S., 167°50'E.) lies about 5

miles NW of Bice Road, in about the middle of the W coast of Aoba Island. The holding ground is poor and there is a constant surf on the beach. A narrow rocky point projects from the black beach and divides it. A trading station stands W of this rocky point, but is not readily seen from offshore. Miranda Reef is located about 0.5 mile NE of the anchorage, and about 0.8 miles offshore.

Lorni Bluff is located about 4 miles SW of Walourigi An- chorage. A conspicuous house and store can be seen from off- shore. Vessels anchor in a suitable depth, with the house bear- ing 167°. There is a depth of 28m, 0.2 mile from the shore, the bottom then shoals quickly to 12.8m and then gradually to the beach.

6.43 6.43

Laone Anchorage (15°24'S., 167°46'E.), 6 miles SW from

Walourigi Anchorage, is in about 26m, 0.2 mile off a small black sandy beach.

6.43

Ambore Anchorage (Ndui Ndui Anchorage) (15°23'S.,

167°43'E.) is situated about 8 miles SW of Walourigi Anchor- age. It may be recognized by a large white “A” painted on the cliff and two copra sheds on the beach. The anchorage is not considered good due to the poor holding ground. Vessels can anchor, in 35m, by steering for a conspicuous conical hill bear- ing 165°, located about 3 miles from the SW extremity of Aoba Island. As the coast is approached, steer for the first white beach NE of this hill. The anchorage is impracticable, with the least swell from the W. A stranded wreck is conspicuous 1 mile NW of Ambore Anchorage.

6.44 Walaha (15°26'S., 167°41'E.) is a trading station, 3.8

miles SW of Ambore Anchorage. It is not visible from off- shore, but can be located by a small double hill behind it. Indif- ferent anchorage can be found about 0.1 mile from the shore. Ngwala Rock (Devil Rock) (15°27.0'S., 167°39.8'E.), off the SW end of the island, is a high columnar rock with a little foli- age on its summit. Vatu Tangaloi (Devil Point) forms the SW extremity of Aoba Island.

6.44

The SE side of Aoba Island appears to be free of dangers, but

there is no part of this coast suitable for anchorage. The E coast consists mainly of sandy beaches. The NE extremity of the is-

177

land is fringed by a reef which extends 0.5 mile offshore and should be given a wide berth.

Malekoula Island

6.45 Malekoula Island (Malekula Island) (16°15'S.,

167°30'E.), one of the larger islands of Vanuatu, lies about 15 miles W of Ambrym Island. There are numerous peaks and mountains, of which the highest is Mount Penot, 891m high, near the center of the island. The W coast of the island has only been cursorily surveyed.

The Malekoula Islands—South Side

6.46 The Maskelyne Islands (16°32'S., 167°50'E.) lie

close to the SE extremity of Malekoula Island. There are an- chorages among the islands and an excellent passage through them with good range marks, forming a short cut for vessels rounding the S end of Malekoula Island. The outer islands of the group are comparatively low and difficult to see at night or in thick weather. Kulivu Island, Koivu Island, and several small islets, lie on a coral reef that extends 1 mile S of Koivu Island. Sakau Island (16°30'S., 167°49'E.) lies N of Kulivu Island

6.46

and is separated from it by East Channel. A pier and some houses stand at Mboa Noan Point, the NW extremity of Sakau Island, off which there is an anchorage.

6.46

There are four channels between the Maskelyne Islands.

Northeast Channel leads between Sakau Island and the SE end of Malekoula Island. East Channel and Southwest Channel form an excellent deep-water passage through the group and have good range markers. South Channel is not recommended, as there are no good landmarks. The other three channels are deep in their fairways, and fairly clear of dangers.

6.46

Tidal currents run in the channels at a rate of 4 knots at

springs in the narrower sections. Cross currents are encount- ered when leaving one channel to enter another. During periods of strong S winds, overfalls are formed at the SW entrance to the Southwest Channel.

6.46

Anchorage.—The only good anchorage in the Maskelyne

Islands group is off the sandy beach S of Mboa Noan Point, at the W end of Sakau Island. A recommended position is in a depth of 27m, sand and coral, with Cape Doucere, on the N side of the E entrance of Northeast Channel, in line with Mboa Noan Point bearing 043°, and the SW extremity of Sakau Island bearing 167°. The depths are irregular here, but a vessel will be out of the tidal current and protected from E winds. This berth is too close to shore for other than small vessels. A vessel without local knowledge should not attempt to

6.46

anchor W of the detached shoals between the W end of Sakau Island and the main island which lies to the W, unless there is good light, or LW when all the reefs are visible.

6.47 Cape Doucere (16°28'S., 167°50'E.) is a low flat

mangrove-covered point, with a coral boulder 3m high, lying on the fringing reef close S of it. The point lies on the N side of Northeast Channel and is the SE point of Malekoula Island. Gaspard Point lies 0.5 mile SW of Cape Doucere. On the W side of Gaspard Point is an inlet used mainly by small craft because of the barrier of sunken rocks in the fairway. A vessel could obtain anchorage close inside its entrance, in 22m, in a

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