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Sector 6. Iles Loyaute to the Santa Cruz Islands

runs strong near the reef. Vessels should carefully guard against this reef, for it lies on the route of vessels passing between Lefevre Point and Baie de Chepenehe.

6.6

D’Ouvea Atoll (Ovea Atoll) (20°33'S., 166°25'E.) is a group

of closely-connected islands and reefs, the nearest point of which is about 26 miles WNW of the NW part of Ile Lifou. The atoll comprises a large island and a number of smaller ones, forming an irregular triangle with its base (the large island) to the E. From the N and S extremities of the large island extend converging chains of islands and reefs which nearly meet at a point about 20 miles W of the middle of the large island, enclosing a vast lagoon with general depths of 9.1 to 37m, in which there are several anchorages, and entrance to which may be gained by the different passages between the reefs.

6.6

Ile Ouvea (20°33'S., 166°34'E.), the largest and E island of

the atoll, extends for a distance of 22 miles in a NNE-SSW direction. The middle part of the island is reduced to an average breadth of 0.8 mile by Baie de Fayaoue, a deep-water bay on its E side. The E side of the island throughout its whole length is steep and clear of dangers, but the W side is low with sandy beaches, off-lying shoals, and shallow water. The SW extremity is detached from the main island.

6.7 Mouly Island (Muli Island) (20°42'S., 166°25'E.), the detached SW part of Ile Ouvea, has on its S side a reef 0.1 mile wide. The reef fringing the W end should be watched with care, as there are several detached heads. There is a church and a cross on the NW side of the island. The passage between Mouly Island and Ile Ouvea is shallow and is only used by small boats.

6.7

Ueneti Island (Ile Ounes), close W of the NW extremity of

Ile Ouvea, is surmounted by flat-topped hills. There is a village and a church on the S side of the island. The channel between the two islands is navigable only by small boats.

6.7

The Northern Pleiades are a chain of reefs and islets forming

the N side of the lagoon, extending in a W direction from Ile Ouvea. North Island lies about 0.5 mile W of Ueneti Island and is the E of the Northern Pleiades. Whale Island (Baleine Island) (20°25'S., 166°31'E.) is located 0.8 mile SW of North Island. There is no practicable passage between the islands, as the sea breaks between them.

6.7

Tortoise Island (20°25'S., 166°29'E.) lies nearly 0.5 mile

SW of Whale Island. When viewed from a distance, it appears somewhat like a tortoise. Whale Passage lies between Whale Island and Tortoise Island and has a width of about 0.4 mile. There are several heads of coral covered by a depth of about 7.3m, with deeper water between. Seaward of the Whale Island side of the channel are two coral reefs to be avoided.

6.7

Pine Island (Pins Island) (20°27'S., 166°28'E.) is located 2

miles SW of Whale Island. The island is easily known by two clusters of pine trees near its center, and is the only island of the Northern Pleiades upon which pine trees are seen. The sea breaks on a reef on the NW side of the island. Lizard Island lies about 1 mile W of Pine Island; the passage between the two islands is known as Bull Passage (Taureau Passage). Tidal currents are strong in this passage.

6.8 Deguala Island (20°22'S., 166°24'E.) lies about 3 miles W of Lizard Island and is the largest island of the

167

Northern Pleiades. Anemata Island (Anguene Island) lies about 9 miles WSW of Deguala Island, the islands and islets between these two islands can best be seen on the chart.

6.8

Anemata Passage, at the W extremity of D’Ouvea Atoll, lies

SW of Anemata Island. It is about 3 miles in breadth and clear of dangers. The S side of the passage is bound by a reef extending in a NW-SE direction for about 5 miles. This reef uncovers at LW to a large extent, shows well, and is steep-to. A strong eddy is experienced on the S side of this passage. The Southern Pleiades consists of the islands and reefs

6.8

which form the SW side of the D’Ouvea Atoll lagoon. The passages between these islands are wider and more easily navigable than those of the Northern Pleiades.

6.9 Round Island (20°35'S., 166°16'E.) is at the E end of

the long reef forming the S side of Anemata Passage. The reef fringing the island is not more than 90m wide. Long Island, located 2 miles S of Round Island, is covered with brushwood. Round Island and Meurthe Passages are divided into two passages by Middle Island. Meurthe Passage is the wider and more easily navigable.

6.9

Styx Island lies 3 miles E of Long Island. Both islands stand

on the same reef. Styx Passage lies between Styx Island and Metouaine Island. The passage is about 0.8 mile wide and free of dangers. The reef and islands SE of Styx Passage extend in a SE direction for a distance of nearly 4 miles, reaching almost to Muli Island. The narrow channel separating them from the latter is Coetlogon Passage. The passage is about 0.2 mile wide. A shoal patch, with a depth of 6m, lies in mid-channel close within the entrance. A reef, 0.1 mile in width forms the N side of the passage. It is covered with a depth of 1m and seldom breaks. The reef is marked by a buoy. A strong current sets toward the reef.

D’Ouvea Atoll—Anchorages

6.10 Vessels may obtain anchorage anywhere in the lagoon

on the W side of Ile Ouvea. Being composed of coral and a thin layer of sand, the holding ground is mediocre. Vessels should use a long scope of chain, as the holding depends on the weight of the anchor and chain.

6.10

Muli Island Anchorage is situated off the N side of the

island, about 1.5 miles E of Coetlogon Passage. This is the best anchorage the lagoon affords. The depths in the anchorage are from 9 to 11m, about 0.5 mile N of Muli Island church. Lekin Anchorage (Lekine Anchorage) (20°40'S.,

6.10

166°29'E.) lies 5.5 miles ENE of Coetlogon Passage, off the village of Lekin. It appears to be a good place for small vessels to anchor near shore, in a depth of 5.5m. Care should be taken to avoid a 1.2m patch about 0.5 mile NE of the SW extremity of Ile Ouvea. Boats can land on the beach.

6.10

Faiaue Anchorage is situated 3.5 miles NE of Lekin village. A

church with two spires and a red roof, two radio masts, and a flagstaff are useful landmarks. Anchorage is available, in a depth of 10m, 2 miles W of the church. A shoal, which has a depth of 5.2m, lies about 1.5 miles WNW of the church. Foul ground, with depths of less than 1.8m, extends 0.5 mile off the coast abreast Faiaue.

Mouillage de Saint-Joseph is located off the village of Saint- Joseph, near the N end of the island, and affords temporary

6.10

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