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Sector 5. New Caledonia

color of the sea from aloft. There are no aids to navigation for night passage.

Recif Pelotas (18°38'S., 163°12'E.), about 6 miles long, lies on the N side of Grand Passage. The sea breaks over the reef. Recifs D’Entrecasteaux (18°15'S., 163°05'E.) are a contin-

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uation N of Grand Recif de Cook on the E side, and Recif des Francais on the W side. The reefs form two lagoons, both accessible to vessels with local knowledge.

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Lagon de la Surprise (18°27'S., 163°07'E.) is the S lagoon

and the larger of the two. From the S extremity of this lagoon, the S lagoon of this group of reefs, a single reef, surrounds the SE, NE, and part of the NW sides of the lagoon; in the remain- ing portion of the enclosing reef there are several openings and three islands.

5.69 Ile de la Surprise (18°31'S., 163°01'E.) lies on the

SW part of the reef enclosing the lagoon. The surface of the island is half covered with palm trees. Like the other islands of this group it is bordered by a gently sloping white sandy beach. A good mark is a black iron mast situated S of a clump of coconut trees. There is a white beacon on the W extremity of the island.

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The weather side of the island is inaccessible, but the lee

side, although protected by coral heads, is easily approached by boats, which can land on a beach near a small stone building with a white roof.

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There are three passages into the lagoon available to vessels

with local knowledge, but they should only be used during the daylight hours. Passe de Ile de la Surprise lies on the W side of Ila de la Surprise and is deep. There is a small reef located nearly 1 mile N of Ile de la Surprise, and between this reef and one W of it there is a passage, which appears to be clear of dan- gers, but has not been examined.

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There is a passage located about 2.5 miles ESE of Passe de

Ile de la Surprise, which has been used by a steam vessel. There is another opening near the SE elbow of the reef, which carries considerable depths, but the currents are very strong across it and the sea is much heavier than the ones mentioned above. The other openings on the NW side appears to be en- cumbered by rocks.

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Anchorage.—The anchorage off Ile de la Surprise is on the

N side of the island, in about 25.6m, with the NW extremity of the island bearing 227° and the SE extremity bearing 196°, good holding ground, but there is a current of 2 knots and a fresh SE wind. A vessel anchored, in 29.3m, good holding ground, with the wharf on Ile de la Surprise bearing 260°, dis- tant about 1.5 miles; there was a fresh trade wind and a moder- ate sea.

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Anchorage may be obtained by vessels with local knowledge

off the NW side of Ile Fabre, in a depth of 45.7m, about 1 mile offshore. Anchorage is afforded vessels with local knowledge, in a depth of 32.9m, with the W extremity of Ile Le Leizour (18°20'S., 162°58'E.) bearing about 180° distant 0.5 mile.

5.70 Lagon de L’ile Huon (18°05'S., 162°50'E.) is

separated from Lagon de la Surprise by a deep passage, 6 miles wide. On the N extremity of the encircling reef are some coral blocks of moderate heights. Within the lagoon, both at the N and S ends, there are several coral heads. On the W side of the lagoon there are several openings a short distance apart, Passe

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du Sud, the S opening is 500m wide and very deep. To enter the pass, a vessel should keep about 0.1 mile N of the breakers on the S reef.

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Ile Huon (18°01'S., 162°55'E.) lies near the middle of the

encircling reef on the E side of the lagoon, and is the N island of Recif d’Entrecasteaux. The island is prolonged at each end by a bank of sand as high as the surface of the island. Part of the island is wooded. West of Ile Huon there is a rock, with a depth of 4.9m, with the extremities of the island bearing 070° and 129°, respectively.

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Anchorage.—A protected anchorage may be obtained by

vessels with local knowledge, in depths of 27.4 to 29.3m, with the rock mentioned above, distant about 0.4 mile, bearing 250°. During strong SE winds, the water is smooth and the holding ground good. This anchorage is the only one possible during winter.

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Petrie Reef (18°30'S., 164°20'E.) was reported to lie 4.5

miles further E than charted. A sandbank, awash, lies on the S end of the reef which extends about 8.5 miles NNW. Foul ground, with two reefs on it, extends about the same distance NW, forming a basin about 4 miles wide, open to the NW. Anchorage may be obtained in this basin during good weather, sheltered from the swell, except between NW and SW winds. The bottom is white sand, and the depths diminish gradually towards the reef. A wreck lies on the N end of the reef. Near Petrie Reef, at spring tides, the tidal current sets N and

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S at a rate of 1 knot. Off the N extremity a strong tide rip has been observed, the current, at the time setting NE. It was reported breakers were seen 33 miles SSE of the S end of Petrie Reef.

5.71 Recif des Francais (19°39'S., 163°22'E.) consists of a

number of reefs extending from Grand Passage for about 75 miles SSE to Passe de Yande. It consists of a double row of nearly parallel reefs, separated by a narrow, deep lagoon strewn with a number of coral heads. The width of this chain de- creases from 3 miles at Passe de Yande to 1 mile at Petite Passe.

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Passe du Nord is a break in the reef about 14 miles NW of

Passe du d’Estrees. It is not sufficiently known to be of use for navigation. Passe du d’Estrees lies about 11 miles NW of Petite Passe and is divided into two parts by an islet. The passage S of the islet has been examined and is deep and safe. The reef on the S side of the S passage is steep-to. Three rocks, visible about 5 miles, stand on a reef located about 2 miles N of the passage. Petite Passe, a small opening in the reef about 23 miles NW of Passe de Yande, is not recommended.

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Archipel de Belep (19°41'S., 163°39'E.), the S island of

which lies 20 miles NW of the N extremity of New Caledonia, are a group of islands extending in a N-S direction for a dis- tance of 23 miles. The group consists of two large islands, a small island, and several islets.

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Ilot Daos du Sul and Ilot Daos du Nord are the S islands of

the Archipel de Belep. The islets are of sufficient height to be seen from Ile Yande and Ilot Ti-a. The E and W sides of both are steep-to. A rock, awash, lies about 0.3 mile N of the N islet of Daos du Sud. Just S of the S islet are three needle-shaped rocks named Les Trois Soeurs. Ile Nienane (19°49'S., 163°41'E.), located between Daos du Nord and Ile Art, is a high bare rock. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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