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Sector 5. New Caledonia

5.38 Passes du Coetlogon (20°43'S., 164°14'E.) is com-

prised of two channels separated by an extensive reef; the N is Passe de Koumac, the S, Passe Deverd. Grand Recif Mathieu, the section of the barrier reef lying between these two cuts, has not been thoroughly examined and mariners should exercise caution when navigating along its outer side.

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Aspect.—Upon approaching Passes du Coetlogon the

following are prominent: Cap Devard; Ilot Devard; Ilot Kendec; Mont Kaala (20°37'S., 164°23'E.); and Mont Tie- baghi, lying about 14 miles NW of Monts Kaala.

Passe Deverd lies between the NW end of Grand Recif de Mathieu and a large reef that separates this channel from Passe de Koumac. There are some large boulders on the NW tip of Grand Recif de Mathieu and a buoy is moored 0.5 mile NE of the tip.

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A 7m shoal, marked by a buoy, lies about 2 miles NE of the NW end of Grand Recif de Mathieu.

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Directions.—Vessels with local knowledge enter Passe

Devard with Mont Ouazangou bearing 090°, or with Pic Homedeboua bearing 086°; both courses head about 0.2 mile N of the above shoal. After passing this shoal, steer 094° for the anchorage in Baie de Gomen or if bound N, change course N and pass through Chenal de Kendec.

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Alternately, pass through Passe Devard on a heading of 107°

on the middle of Ilot Deverd, passing about 0.5 mile SW of the 7m shoal marked by a buoy, and when Cap Deverd bears 093°, steer for it. When about 1 mile from Cap Devard, change course for the anchorage.

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Passes de Koumac lies between the NW end of the reef

separating the channels and the SE side of Grand Recif de Koumac.

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Directions.—Vessels with local knowledge head through

Passe de Koumac with the right hand summet of Monts Kaala bearing 037°, or the left-hand edge of Ilot Kendec in line with Piton de Pandrop, 7 miles NE, bearing 037°, leads to the center of the channel. When about 10.3 mile from Ilot Kendec, ves- sels should steer 010° and pass between the E end of Grand Recife de Koumae and the reef upon which Ilot Kendec lies. Baie de Gomen (20°44'S., 164°23'E.) is entered between

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Cap Deverd and Pointe d’Iouanga. Vessels with local know- ledge might find shelter here during E winds in depths of 5 to 6m, mud. This bay should be avoided during NW and W winds.

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There are wharves in the SE part of the bay where nickel is

discharged into lighters for loading into mineral carriers, which anchor off Cap Deverd.

Chenal de Kendec to Recif de l’Arche d’Alliance

5.39 Chenal de Kendec (20°42'S., 164°17'E.) is situated E

of the reef which separates Passe Deverd from Passes de Koumac, and is available to vessels with drafts to 7m. Chenal de l’Infernet is the NW continuation of Chenal de Kendec. Caution.—Both these channels should be used with caution,

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as depths of less than 4m have been reported within them. The navigational aids marking them have been reported to be unre- liable.

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Roche de l’Infernet, with a depth of 2.5m, lies in Chenal de

l’Infernet, about 1.5 miles NNW of Ile Kendec. A 4.8m patch lies close NW of this rock.

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Chenal de la Fine lies close offshore between Pointe

d’Iouanga and Ilot Tangadiou, about 12 miles NW. This chan- nel can be used by vessels with drafts up to 4.6m. It affords good anchorage in its NW part.

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Ilot Magonne lies about 1 mile W of Ilot Tangadiou, with Ile

de la Table about 1.3 miles further W. All three of these islands lie upon reefs, the most extensive being the one extending near- ly 1 mile S of Ilot Tangadiou. Ile de la Table is wooded and has a flat-topped hill on its S end.

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Recif du Baron lies about 1 mile W of Ile de la Table, sepa-

rated from it by Passe du Baron. Recif Archbold lies about 1 mile W of Recif du Baron.

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Recif Leleizour (20°32'S., 164°12'E.) lies about 1.3 miles N

of Ile dela Table, and a small sandy islet lies upon it. This islet is visible at LW, but is often difficult to distinguish at HW. A rock, which dries 0.3m, lies about 1 mile NNE of Recif Lelei- zour. Two patches, each with a depth of 3.2m, lie about 1.5 miles N of Recif Leleizour.

Aspect.—Ilot Double is a conspicuous object standing in comparatively open water about 6 miles NW of Ile de la Table. A useful mark for vessels approaching these channels from

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the S is the high land of Mont Tiebaghi (20°28'S., 164°13'E.), with its dome-shaped summit. This peak slopes NW joining Sommet Yago, which has two mounds, 230m high, about 6 miles NW.

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Anchorage.—Vessels with local knowledge can anchor

virtually anywhere in Chenal de la Fine. There is anchorage, in depths of 7 to 9m, about 0.4 mile NW of Pointe d’Iouanga. An- chorage may be found about 2.5 miles WNW of Pointe Karembe (20°38'S., 164°20'E.), in depths of 11 to 15m, sand and mud. Small vessels find anchorage, in depths of 4.9 to 5.5m, mud, about 0.8 mile W of Pointe Pandop (20°35'S., 164°17'E.). Directions.—Vessels with local knowledge and drafts

greater than 7m heading N inside the barrier reef from Cap Deverd or Baie de Gomen, should keep Cap Deverd bearing 093°, astern, remaining on this course until Ile Deverd bears 107°, astern, which leads out of Passe Deverd. This course passes S of and avoids the shoals with depths of 6.6 to 8.2m, lying 2 to 4 miles NE of the N end of Grand Recif Mathieu. Vessels then re-enter via Passe de Koumac.

Vessels with local knowledge and a draft of less than 7m can proceed N through Chenal Kendec; at the S entrance, Ile de la Table will be seen slightly W of Ilot Kendec, and the vessel should steer through the middle of the channel to a position 1 mile N of Ilot Kendec; then steer for the red beacon on the W side of Recif de l’Infernet, bearing 325°, until about 1 mile from it, when the vessel should steer 300° until the same beacon bears about 350°, and then steer to pass about 0.2 mile SW of the red conical buoy about 0.5 mile SW of Ile de la Table, then N through Passe du Baron, passing E of the red buoy, lying 0.5 mile NW of the NW extremity of Ile de la Table; then vessels should steer about 358° for the anchorage in Baie Paagoumene. If proceeding N of this bay, vessels should steer 328° after passing Recif Leleizour, which leads NE of Ilot Double.

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