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Sector 5. New Caledonia

149

Entrance of Passe Deverd

Anchorage may be found in a similar depth S of Anse de Pouaco; however, it is subject to a choppy sea which comes in with the prevailing SE wind.

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Chenal Pouangue (20°56'S., 164°34'E.) lies between Pla-

teaux des Massacres and Grand Recif de Gatope, and joins Baie Chasseloup with the inner waters NW of it. It is the only channel within the barrier reef through which a vessel can head N and should only be used by vessels with extensive local knowledge. Navigation is dangerous in Chenal Pouangue at HW if the beacons are not in position and if the sun is dead ahead, because the sides of the reefs cannot be made out. Aspect.—Prominent mountains lying NW of Baie Chasse-

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loup include Piton Tsiba (20°48'S., 164°29'E.), 470m high and conical with a pointed peak, 14 miles NW of the NW end of Presqu’ile Guillain, and about 2 miles inland; Mont Ouala (Mont Uala), 578m high, about 1.5 miles N of Piton Tsiba; Mont Ouazangou (Mont Uazangu), 584m high, 2.25 miles farther N; and Pic Homedeboua, 1,200m high, about 3 miles NE of Mont Ouazangou. This mountain is separated from Pic Homedeboua by a deep gap which is distinctive from Grand Recif de Gatope.

5.37 Coupee de l’Alliance (20°57'S., 164°25'E.) is a open-

ing in the barrier reef about 0.2 mile wide that lies about 11 miles WNW of Passe du Duroc. It is entered between the NW end of Grand Recif de Gatope and the SE end of Recif Mathieu.

Tides—Currents.—Tidal currents in Coupee de l’Alliance are often very strong, but they set directly in or out of the cut. Baie d’Ounda (20°52'S., 164°29'E.) is located between Pointe d’Ounda and the NW side of Plateaux des Massacres. Recifs Peterson, which lies on the E side of the approach, is

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located about 3.5 miles SE of Pointe d’Ounda. Recif d’Ounda lies on the W side of the approach, about 1.5 miles SSW of the same point.

Directions.—Vessels with local knowledge using Coupee de l’Alliance to reach Baie d’Ounda head for Pic Homedeboua bearing 027°, until about 0.3 mile SW of the SE end of Recif Mathieu, when course should be changed to about 061° to pass through Coupee de l Alliance. Once clear of the SE tip of the reef, the 027° course may be resumed passing midway between Recifs Peterson and Recif d’Ounda in a least depth of 8.2m. The edges of the above reefs show up fairly well.

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A tall chimney stands about 1 mile NE of Pointe d’Ounda. A pier extends SW from the point.

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Vessels with local knowledge can obtain anchorage, in depths of 7 to 9m, sand and mud, about 0.5 mile S of the pier.

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Alternately, anchorage may be found close NW of the NW side of Plateaux des Massacres, in depths of 6 to 7m, mud. From Pointe d’Ounda the coast trends 7.5 miles in a NW

direction to Cap Deverd, the S entrance point of Baie de Gomen. The shore is fringed by a reef, but the fairway of the inner route is 1 mile or more from it and presents no special difficulties. A small pointed hill stands near the coast, about 2.5 miles NW of Pointe d’Ounda, and Teudie Peak, 132m high, stands on Cap Deverd. Deverd Islet, located 2.5 miles W of Cap Deverd, is wooded.

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Vessels with extensive local knowledge proceeding W inside

the barrier reef from Baie Chasseloup, from a position about 1 mile WNW of Ilot Gatope, should keep Piton de Kafeate in line astern with the W peak of Ilot Gatope (20°59'S., 164°39'E.), bearing 120°. Proceed on this bearing along the NE edge of Grand de Recif Gatope, until Mont Katepahie is in range with the S end of the point on the E side of the entrance to Anse de Pouaco, bearing 076°, when course should be altered W to avoid several patches, with depths ranging from 4 to 5m, lying 1.5 miles SW of the W entrance point of Anse de Pouaco. Vessels should then proceed through Chenal Pouangue in mid-channel, being guided by the beacons. In 1976, there was a least charted depth of 5m on this above track and there was deeper water S of the track. On leaving this channel, ves- sels should follow the S edge of Plateaux des Massacres at a moderate distance, and steer to pass between the beacon standing on the SW edge of the plateau, about 3.3 miles SSE of Pointe d’Ounda, and Recifs Peterson, taking care to avoid the patch with a depth of 4.8m, 0.75 mile SW of the beacon. Then the vessel should steer for a small pointed hill close to the coast, about 2.5 miles NNW of Pointe d’Ounda, bearing 340°, until the pier on Pointe d’Ounda is in line with Piton Tsiba, bearing about 019°, when vessels should steer with Sommet Teoudie, bearing 324°, until the small pointed hill is in line with Piton Tsiba, bearing about 073°. Then steer for Ilot Deverd, a wooded islet lying about 2.5 miles WSW of Cap Deverd, bearing 298°, which leads between Les Quatre Soeurs (Four Sisters) and another reef lying S of Cap Deverd, about 1.3 miles NE. When the small hill close within Pointe d’Iouan- ga (Iuanga), located about 3 miles N of Cap Deverd, bears 001° and is open W of that cape, vessels should steer 338°, and pass about 0.8 mile SW of Recif Teoudie, marked by a black beacon on its SW side, about 1.3 miles S of Cap Deverd. If bound for Baie de Gomen, vessels may round Cap Deverd at a distance of 0.5 mile. A 8.6m patch lies 0.7 mile SW of Cap Devard. A 6.6m patch lies 1.5 miles SW of the Cape.

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If bound NW, the vessel may proceed through Chenal de la

Fine, which has a least depth of 4.9m, or through Chenal de Kendec and then SW of Recif de l’Infernet.

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