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Sector 5. New Caledonia

5.8

From seaward, Nogoungouet (Nogungueto), 258m high, the

second highest peak on the island and located on the SW side of the island, open a little S of Cap Ndoua on a bearing of 246°, leads to a position from which the entrance range may be seen. Four structures, in line bearing 247°, three of which are lighted and serving as the entrance range for this channel, are situated on Cap Ndoua. The structures are difficult to identify in the afternoon.

5.9 Cap Ndoua (22°24'S., 166°55'E.), the S point of New

Caledonia, is at the SW end of Canal de la Havannah. The cape, as well as the reef which fringes the N side of the pass- age, is steep-to. It is reddish in color, high, and prominent, thereby forming one of the useful marks for negotiating the passage. Vessels approaching Cap Ndoua from the E must be careful not to confuse it with Ile Ouen, in the background, into which it blends.

5.9

Recif Ioro (Ioro Reef) (22°23'S., 166°58'E.), awash at LW,

lies about 1.5 miles ENE of Cap Ndoua and is easily distin- guished. It is marked by a light on its NW extremity, and may be passed on either side.

5.9

A shoal, having a depth of 16m, lies about 2.2 miles NE of

Recif Ioro Light. A shoal, with a depth of 7.8m, lies about 4.2 miles ENE of the same light.

5.9

Pilotage.—Pilotage is available for this channel. See the

Noumea port description in paragraph 5.21 for further informa- tion.

5.9

Anchorage.—Anchorage should not be taken in Canal de la

Havannah under any circumstances as it is impossible for the anchor to get sufficient grip in the hard, rocky bottom to hold a ship even during a calm. If for any reason a vessel finds it necessary to anchor while traversing Canal de la Havannah, it may do so in certain of the inlets indenting the S coast of New Caledonia. These anchorages are described with that stretch of coast.

New Caledonia—South Coast

5.10 Port de Goro, at the E entrance to Canal de la Havan-

nah, is a long, narrow inlet immediately NNE of Cap Reine Charlotte (Cap Queen Charolotte) (22°21'S., 167°00'E.). Besides the reef which forms the E side of the inlet, there is across its S part an extensive reef, which forms two narrow entrance channels by either of which a vessel may enter the port. Local knowledge is necessary. On the W end of this reef, named Center Reef, are two low islets. A light, with a racon, is shown on the NE side of Passe de Goro, a little over 2 miles ENE of Cap Reine Charlotte. The beacons in Port de Goro should not be relied upon.

A local magnetic anomaly has been reported in the vicinity of Port de Goro.

5.10 5.10

A bank, near the center of Port de Goro, has a least depth of

0.9m, and there are other patches within the 9.1m curve sur- rounding it. About 1 mile N of this bank, the depths are shoal and the bottom rocky.

5.10

Cap des Cannibales (22°19'S., 167°01'E.) is a large point of

land with wharves of a mining company situated about 0.5 mile N. The wharves were reported destroyed. A loading conveyor extends from a pier on the W shore at Port de Goro, to water deep enough to permit barges to load ore.

5.10

137

Tides—Currents.—Port de Goro is subject to continual

tidal currents, but not as strong as those in the two entrances. One current enters through Passe de Toemo (22°21'S., 167°01'E.) and flows out partly through Passe de Goro and partly N along the coast; the other current sets in the reverse direction. Both currents set across the entrances to some extent. Anchorage.—Anchorage is available here on the following

5.10

ranges and distances from Cap des Cannibales, over a bottom of sand, or sand and soft mud: a. 104°, 1,280m, in a depth of 20m. b. 134°, 640m, in a depth of 40m. c. 010°, 732m, in a depth of 18m.

5.10

Anchorage can be taken, in 12 to 16m, soft mud and sand,

almost anywhere in the N part of the port N of the shoals in the center of the port. To reach this anchorage area, caution is advised so as to avoid a rocky spit, with a depth of less than 3.6m, which projects about 0.4 mile SE from a point on the coast located about 1 mile N of Cap des Cannibales. This anchorage area is protected from the most violent winds. Caution.—Port de Goro may be entered by either Passe de

5.10

Goro, E of Center Reef, or Passe de Toemo, W of the same reef. An allowance must be made for the tidal current, a careful lookout kept from aloft, and due regard given to the shelving sides of the reefs, especially in Passe de Goro. It is reported that Passe de Toemo is preferred because of its greater depth, and the reefs on either side are steep-to, with the tidal current setting more nearly along the axis of the channel.

5.11 Port de Koue, entered 1.5 miles W of Passe de Toemo, is accessible only to boats.

5.11

Port Boise, the entrance of which is about 1 mile SW of Port

de Koue, is a landlocked harbor with good holding ground, but is open to the SE. A small pier, reported (1997) destroyed, is situated on the NE side of the port. The port is entered on the alignment of two beacons bearing 301°, standing on the bay’s W shore. The port entrance points are also beaconed. This anchorage requires local knowledge.

5.11

Baie du Prony (Prony Bay) (22°22'S., 166°52'E.), NW of

Cap Ndoua, is a large irregular-shaped harbor divided by a promontory extending in a N-S direction into two parts. Each has several small bays along its shores. The width of the en- trance between the extremity of the reef extending from Pointe Est, the E entrance point, and an islet, close SE of Ile Mont- ravel (22°23'S., 166°51'E.) on the W side, is 1.75 miles. A light is shown on the S extremity of the reef extending a little over 0.5 mile SW of Pointe Est. A depth of 12.8m lies about 1 mile WSW of Pointe Est Light. The bay has considerable depths, but offers good shelter to any class of vessel. Navigation should be undertaken only in the daytime or on a very clear night. There any many species of poisonous fish within the bay.

5.12 Ile Casey (22°21'S., 166°51'E.) lies nearly midway

between the SW extremity of the promontory extending S from the head of the bay and the mainland to the W. The island may be passed on either side and a draft of 8.8m can be carried in mid-channel.

5.12

A conspicuous installation for the loading of ore stands on

the E side of a short peninsula, about 0.8 mile NE of the village of Prony (22°20'S., 166°49'E.), on the W side of the bay. A

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