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Sector 4. The Kiribati Islands to the Marshall Islands

The lagoon should only be entered by small vessels with

local knowledge, and then under only the most favorable con- ditions of weather and light. There are three passages on the W side, the N of which is about 210m wide, is the best. In this passage there are depths of 16.5 to 36.6m, and a channel 118m wide has been swept to a depth of 9.1m.

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Anchorage.—Erikub Atoll can be used by small vessels

with local knowledge as an emergency anchorage. There is no protection from the winds in the anchorage area. An anchorage area, wire-dragged to 9.1m over an area about 0.5 by 0.8 mile in extent, lies just within NW channel. The bottom is of coral sand, good holding ground. Anchorage in good holding ground has been reported about 0.8 mile E of the S end of Loj Island (9°09'N., 169°57'E.).

4.55 Wotje Atoll (9°28'N., 170°14'E.) (World Port Index

No. 56380) lies about 5 miles N of Erikub Atoll. The highest and principal island is Wotje, at the E end of the atoll. It is thickly vegetated. Two boat piers extend out from the W side of the island. The S is suitable only for vessels with drafts of 0.6 to 0.9m. Several shoals extend outward off the head of the pier, and approaches should be made with caution. The second pier is about 0.3 mile N of the other, with a maximum alongside depth of 3m.

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The other islands in the atoll are somewhat smaller, rela-

tively low, and sandy. Most population and activities are now centered at Ormed Island, at the NE end of the atoll. Kojjouj (Kechautsu) (9°21'N., 169°55'E.), the SW extremity of the atoll, and Bird Island (9°31'N., 170°01'E.), in the middle of the N side, can be easily identified. Goat Island (9°32'N., 169°53'E.), located on the NW side of the atoll, is reported to be radar prominent from a distance of 18 miles.

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Tides—Currents.—The maximum rates of the tidal cur-

rents in Shishmarev (Schischmarev) Strait (9°23'N., 170°06'E.) are 1.75 knots at flood and 1 knot at ebb. The tides turn about 1 hour after HW and LW. Local authorities report that the current always sets W across the channel at a rate of 0.5 knot to 2 knots.

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In Meichen Channel, about 1.8 miles W, the flood current

attains a rate of 1.25 knots and the ebb a rate of 0.75 knot. The tides usually turn shortly after the times of HW and LW, but the time of change cannot always be depended upon. A heavy swell causes water to flow over the reef resulting in a constant flow out of the opening and at times across the fairways. A constant W set occurs in the lagoon, but its rate does not exceed 0.5 knot.

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Depths—Limitations.—The main entrances are deep and

clear of dangers in the fairway. The entire lagoon is navigable between the shoals. Large areas in the E and W parts, including a wide navigable channel connecting them, have been swept to depths of 14 to 16m, while other areas have been swept to lesser depths, all of which can best be seen on the chart. These dangers can readily be seen by a bridge lookout under favor- able conditions of light.

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Anchorage.—Wotje Atoll affords anchorage for a large

number of vessels. Shelter can be found from E winds at least 0.5 mile off the sandy beach fronting the W side of Wotje Island. The bottom consists of sand and broken coral growths. Navigators are cautioned that the reefs off the W side of the island are irregular; drying rocks lie up to 0.3 mile offshore.

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Vessels can anchor in convenient depths S of Ormed Island or S of Nibwung (Niibunka) (9°32'N., 169°58'E.).

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Christmas Harbor, at the NW corner of the lagoon, has depths of more than 11.9m, sheltered from NE and NW winds. Directions.—Shishmarev Strait (Schischmarev Strait) is con-

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sidered to be the best entrance, but is difficult to identify from the offing. It is clear of dangers, except for the reefs on either side. It has a least charted depth of 27.4m and has been swept to 16m over a least width of 0.4 mile. Vessels should favor the E side of the channel as the shoal area close off the W edge of Bikeichi Island is clearly visible when the sun is high, whereas the shoals on the Wedge of the channel are more difficult. Shishmarev Strait is hard to identify from a distance of more

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than 3 miles. The group of islands, which stands on the reef, located SW of Toton Island (9°24'N., 170°06'E.), appear as one large island, particularly at LW. Eluk (Erukku) Island (9°24'N., 170°08'E.), dome-shaped and about 25m high, and Bwokwlewij Island (Bokureutchi Island), barren of foliage and 9.2m high, are the best landmarks in the approach.

Vessels entering the strait should favor the E side of the channel, as the reefs are more readily identifiable. The reefs fringing the N side of Toton Island are also easy to identify because of discoloration and surf.

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Having cleared the passage, vessels can steer a course of

065° for the anchorage W of Wotje Island. The best landmarks for bearings on this course are Eluk Island and Wotje Island.

4.56 Meichen Channel, about 2 miles W of Shishmarve

Strait, is fairly wide and deep at the entrance and swept to a depth of 18m over a width of about 0.5 mile. Meichen Island, fringed by a drying reef, divides the inner part of the fairway into two channels. The channel E of the island is swept to a depth of 18m over a width of about 0.3 mile. The channel W of the island is swept to a depth of 15.9m over a width of 0.3 mile. Lagediak Strait (9°24'N., 170°09'E.), entered about 1.8

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miles E of Shishmarev Strait, is very narrow and has a depth of 7.3m. It is navigable only by small vessels under the most favorable conditions.

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Rurick Strait, at the W end of the atoll, is deep, but narrow.

The fairway has been swept to 15m over a least width of 0.2 mile.

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Likiep Atoll, lying about 34 miles WNW of Wotje Atoll, is

composed of numerous islets, most of which lie on the wind- ward side of the barrier reef. These islets are not more than 1.8m high and are covered with coconut palms. Likiep Island (9°49'N., 169°19'E.), the E extremity of the atoll on which is a village and mission station.

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South Pass, on the S side of the atoll, is the best entrance into

the lagoon. Entered between Agony Island (9°50'N., 169°14'E.) and Etoile Island, the pass is about 0.2 mile wide and has charted depths of 27.4 to 54.9m. The entrance is swept to 13.4m over a least width of 270m. South Pass is clearly defined; the fringing reefs and the coral heads are plainly visible under favorable conditions of light.

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Entrance Island, surrounded by reefs and a coral bank, with a

depth of 1.5m, lies close within the entrance. It divides the inner end of the pass into three channels, each swept to a depth of 13.4m within the limits shown on the chart. The E channel, narrow and deep, leads to the anchorage off Likiep Island. The W channel, between the shoals N of Etoile Island and the 1.5m Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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