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112

Sector 4. The Kiribati Islands to the Marshall Islands

should be requested at least 24 hours prior to arrival. Special instructions and port regulations are published in a letter available on arrival, or from the phosphate company’s office in Melbourne, Australia.

Vessels should have their engines in an operational condition while alongside the loaders.

4.45

Signals.—The local authorities may be contacted via radiotelegraph, radiotelephone, and VHF.

4.45 4.45

Quarantine messages should be sent to the Quarantine

Officer, Nauru, 24 hours and 12 hours prior to arrival. The message should include the vessel’s last port of call and date of departure, the number of crew and passengers aboard, and whether any infectious diseases are present aboard.

The Marshall Islands

4.46 The Marshall Islands are a group of low, coral atolls

scattered in two irregular, roughly parallel chains that extend in a NW-SE direction. Besides the 2 main chains there are 6 outlying atolls, so that the whole group consists of about 34 separate groups of low, coral islands lying on circular reefs, most of which surround a lagoon. In general, the E or weather sides rise steeply and those on the lee side slope gradually. Most of the larger islands can be seen from 10 miles. The islets are mostly very low, and although a few of them attain a height of more than 7.6m, the remainder are from 1.5 to 6m high. The dull-green tops of the coconut palms show first above the horizon.

4.46

The United States entered into a Compact of Free Asso-

ciation with the Republic of the Marshall Islands on October 21, 1986.

4.46

Tides—Currents.—The Marshall Islands are divided by the

effects of the North Equatorial Current and the Equatorial Countercurrent into the North Marshall Islands and the South Marshall Islands, with the approximate boundary at 8°30' N. Currents, varying from 0.5 knot to 1.5 knots, set E in the S

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part of the groups and W in the N part of the group. When there is a N shift of the N limit of the countercurrent, and especially if a steady W wind is blowing, the currents in the N part of the group may set temporarily to the E.

4.46

During strong NE winds, the W current is strongest between

Likiep Atoll and Wotje Atoll in the Ratak Chain. On the other hand, the E current is strongest between Mili Atoll and Ebon Atoll. In general, the Equatorial Countercurrent is little felt. Caution.—Intermittent hazardous missile operations are

4.46

conducted within an area with a radius of 200 miles, centered at position 8°43'N, 167°43'E. Additionally, entry into certain islands of the Kwajalein Atoll is controlled. See the Kwajalein Atoll description in paragraph 4.68 for details.

The Ratak Chain

4.47 The Ratak Chain (Sunrise Chain), the E group, con-

sists of Mili Atoll, Knox Atoll, Arno Atoll, Majuro Atoll, Aur Atoll, Maloelap Atoll, Erikub Atoll, Wotje Atoll, Likiep Atoll, Ailuk Atoll, Taka Atoll, Utirk Atoll, Bikar Atoll, and Taong Atoll. Mejit Atoll and Jemo Atoll are two detached coral islets in this group. There are no major ports, but some of the lagoons provide anchorage for all classes of ships. Minor ports are situ-

Pub. 126

ated at Mili Atoll, Majuro Atoll, Maloelap Atoll, and Likiep Atoll.

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Winds—Weather.—In Likiep Atoll, NE winds prevail from

November to April and often have a force of 3 or 4. Around May or June these winds gradually decrease in strength, and from July to October, when the sea is smoothest, light NE to SE wind with occasional S winds will be experienced. West winds are rare throughout the year; they often indicate ap- proaching storms.

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There is little annual change in temperature, though in July

and August it is comparatively high, with a maximum average of 31°C. It is difficult to make a definite division between the dry and wet seasons, as some rain falls at all times of the year. Taongi Atoll lies within the Northeast Trades which blow

4.47

steadily with moderate to fresh velocities. The dry season (November through June) corresponds to the maximum devel- opment of the NE trades, and is characterized by long periods of fair weather. Rainfall totally 50 to 75mm can be expected during each of these months, falling mostly as brief showers. The wet season (July to November) often has considerable

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periods of fair weather. Since the mean position of the dol- drums is S of Taongi Atoll, the atoll does not experience the change from NE to SE winds that occurs in the more S atolls. However, the fresh NE winds of the dry season may weaken and turn E during this period. There is an estimated 1,030mm of rainfall annually.

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Tides—Currents.—It was reported that a vessel, approac-

ing Majuro Atoll from Ailinglapalap Atoll to the W, experi- enced a strong set to the N and West. According to a native, who has lived on Majuro Atoll for 30 years, the currents off the N and S sides set to the W, and at the E and W end they set to the S. These currents have a velocity of 1 knot.

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Between Aur Atoll and Maloelap Atoll, a strong NW current

was reported. In July and August this current was reported as setting in an opposite direction. In 1943, heavy rips, setting W, were experienced in this area. Heavy seas are sometimes met with between these atolls.

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In 1944, a NW current with a rate of about 0.8 knot was ex-

perienced between Ailuk Atoll and Mejit Island. In 1963, strong W currents were experienced between this atoll and Wotje Atoll.

4.47

A W current, with a rate of 0.5 knot, was experienced off the

W side of Taongi Atoll in November, with an E wind. 4.48 Mili Atoll (5°58'N., 172°07'E.) is the southernmost of

the Ratak Chain. Numerous islets lie along the barrier reef, most are from 1.5 to 4m and are covered with coconut palms and other trees.

4.48

Mili (6°05'N., 171°44'E.) (World Port Index No. 56420), the

center of activity for Mili Atoll, is situated at the SW end of that atoll. A church, a trading station, and the residence of a native chief are situated on the island.

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Tides—Currents.—The tidal currents in the various

passages turn at about the time of HW and LW. In Tokowa Channel, the tidal currents set in the direction of the channel and attain a maximum rate of 3 knots at flood and 2.5 knots at ebb. The tidal currents in Reiher Pass attain a rate of 2.5 knots and set onto the reefs, making navigation difficult. In Acharan Passage the currents set directly through the channel at a rate of about 2 knots. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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