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Sector 1. Iles Tuamotu, Iles Marquises, Iles de la Societe, and Iles Tubuai

The central group consists of Ua Pou (9°25'S., 140°05'W.), Ua Huka, and Nuka Hiva.

1.2 1.2

Hatutta.

1.2

The NW group is formed by Eiao (8°00'S., 140°42'W.), and All of these islands have the same aspect, they are high with

abrupt and steep cliffy sides with few good anchorages. The islands are of broken irregular form, and may be seen at a distance of 50 miles in clear weather.

1.2

The administrative authority for Iles Marquises resides at

Baie Taiohae in Nuku Hiva. Landing is not permitted on any of these islands until pratique has been obtained from the admin- istrative authority.

1.3 Hatutu (7°55'S., 140°34'W.) is about 3.5 miles long

in a NE-SW direction and about 1 mile wide. The island rises to a height of 407m and is almost entirely cliff-ringed. A con- spicuous rock, 147m high, lies off the island’s NE side. It does not offer any shelter, with the exception of a cove in its S part, which is able to accept the anchoring of small vessels as well as their landing. The island is uninhabited.

1.3

Motu One (Ile de Sable) (Sand Island) (7°52'S., 140°23'W.),

ENE of Hatutu, is a coral shoal about 0.8 mile long. It is covered by a white sand dune, approximately 300m in length and 100m in width, with a maximum height of about 3m. Motu One rests on a base that extends about 2 miles to the N and 8 miles to the E, and on which it is impossible to anchor. Breakers were reported about 470 miles NNE of Ile de Sable

1.3

in position 0°08'S, 139°19'W. Breakers and discolored water have been reported 120 miles SW and 135 miles WSW, re- spectively, from the above position. A depth of 27m has been reported about 360 miles WNW of the position.

1.4 Eiao (8°00'S., 140°42'W.) lies SW of Hatutu; it rises

to a height of 576m. The S coast of the island is formed by a perpendicular cliff, but the NW and W coasts are indented by several small bays. Its SE point displays a noticeable rock in the shape of an obelisk. This island is uninhabited.

1.4

The channel separating Eiao from Hatutu should be navi-

gated with caution. A 6.4m shoal lies in the E entrance, while a reef, which has been reported to break, lies in the middle of the passage. The current generally sets NW through the channel with some strength.

1.4

The passage between Eiao and Motu Iti, further S, report-

edly contains depths of 20 to 60m, and will be described with Nuku Hiva. Banc Hinakura, with a depth of 38m, lies 13 miles WNW of Eiao. A depth of 35m was reported 12 miles SW of the S extremity of Eiao, while a depth of 27m lies about 11 miles further SSW.

1.4

One can anchor at the opening of Vaituha Bay on the NW

coast, in 27m, sand and mud, keeping the SW point of the bay bearing 247° at 0.2 mile.

1.4

In Charner Bay, also to the NW of the island, there is good

anchorage, in 30m, sand and gravel, but it is not well sheltered from the swell which is felt strongly there.

1.5 Nuku Hiva (8°52'S., 140°08'W.), the principal island

of Iles Marquises, lies SSE of Eiao. The island is 14 miles long E-W and has a maximum width of 11 miles. It is mountainous and rises to a height of 1,186m in its NW part. The mountains are steep toward the sea; the peaks are often hidden by clouds,

1.5

Cap Atupa Atua (8°49'S., 140°00'W.) is the NE extremity

of the island. On the extremity of the point, and at two-thirds of its height, are two rocks, which when seen from certain directions appear like grotesque statues of a man and a woman. A remarkable rock lies about 1.3 miles further SW.

1.5

The coast between Cap Atupa Atua and Cap Tikapo, 8 miles

S, is indented in its N part by Baie Hatuatua, which is exposed. The remainder of this coast is formed by almost perpendicular cliffs.

1.6 Cap Tikapo (8°57'S., 140°00'W.), the SE extremity

of the island, is high and steep-to. Above its cliffs is a mass of rocks; seen from SE and S these rocks resemble a tower, but when seen from SW they incline toward the sea. A rock, 1m high, lies 0.3 mile S of the cape; it breaks in a heavy sea. Vessels should avoid attempting to pass between the rock and the cape as it has been reported to be encumbered with uncharted submerged rocks.

1.6

From Cap Tikapo, the coast trends WSW to Pointe Chick-

akoff (8°58'S., 140°10'W.), the SW extremity of the island. It is rocky and the bays on the coast, which provide shelter, are described from E to W.

1.6

Baie de Controleur, entered immediately W of Cap Tikapo,

recedes 3.8 miles NNW. The head of the bay is divided by two high points into three inlets, each extending NW.

1.6

Anchorage.—Anchorage is available for small vessels in

any of the inlets, the central one possessing a wharf which may be subject to a heavy surge. Larger vessels may find anchorage, in a depth of 26m, sand and mud, with the point dividing the central cove from the W cove bearing 234° and about 0.4 mile distant. Anchorage in any of the coves provides shelter in NE winds, but may be subject to a heavy swell at the outer berths. There is an anchorage for yachts about 1,200m W of Fort Co- llet and NNE of Banc de Corail.

1.6

The shaol remains of two ancient volcanoes, with depths of

46 and 49m, lie about 27 miles WSW of Nuku Hiva. 1.7 Baie Taiohae (Anna Maria Bay) (8°56'S., 140°05'W.)

(World Port Index No. 56015), entered between Sentinelle de l’Est, 4.5 miles W of Cap Tikapo, and Sentinelle de l’Ouest, 0.8 mile farther W, affords the largest and safest anchorage in Iles Marquises. The residency of the French Government Administrator for Iles Marquises is situated on the E shore, 1.3 miles within the entrance. The general depths are from 50m in the entrance to 10m W of the residency. An obstruction has been reported to lie about 0.3 mile WSW of the residency.

Pub. 126

5

giving them the appearance of a table mountain when seen from a distance.

1.5

Numerous waterfalls can be seen on its N and S sides; the

most remarkable falls from a height of 600m, 1.5 miles ENE of the S extremity of the island.

1.5

Tides—Currents.—Northward of the N coast of the island

the current always sets strongly to the W, however, off the NE extremity the current sets onto the coast. Off the SE extremity of the island, it is somewhat variable, sometimes setting E, though it usually follows the direction of the trade wind. Off the S central part the current generally sets strongly W. Caution.—A local magnetic deviation was reported (1907) on Nuku Hiva, in position 8°54'S, 140°05'W.

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