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106

Sector 4. The Kiribati Islands to the Marshall Islands

almost always breaks. Two drying coral patches lie about 0.2 mile E and 0.3 mile ESE of this rock.

Shoal water and breakers were sighted by a ship (1966) at a position about 12 miles S of Tabiteuea.

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Nautilus Shoal and its adjacent foul ground should be given

a berth of at least 15 miles and no attempt should be made to approach the anchorage unless the sun is high enough and far enough astern to navigate through the coral by eye. Continuous sounding is necessary.

Strong tide rips off the NW side of the atoll appear as surf from a distance.

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Anchorage.—There is anchorage, in 14.6m, sand and coral,

off the boat passage which lies 2 miles W of Umai Ataei (1°33'S., 175°00'E.), the S islet, with the islet bearing 085°. A vessel anchored, in 29.3m, with the beacon SW of Utiroa vill- age bearing 052°. This anchorage appeared to be good, but there were several light-colored patches in the vicinity. Peacock Anchorage, which lies outside the shore reef, is a

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bank of coral and sand upon which there is anchorage, in depths of 9.1 to 21.9m. It is W of Eanikai, the N island. Great care must be taken in anchoring here, as the water shoals rapidly from depths of 45.7m. This anchorage is obstructed by reefs and coral heads. Landing from Peacock Anchorage in moderate weather is fair.

4.34 Nonouti (0°40'S., 174°27'E.) lies about 24 miles NW

of the N end of Tabiteuea. The islets of which it is composed are nearly continuous on the N and E sides, being connected by coral reefs. The atoll is partially covered with trees. A reef extends 1.5 miles W of the N point of the atoll and then S for about 9 miles to Archer Entrance.

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An intricate passage, which leads from Archer Entrance

through the lagoon, is available, reportedly to vessels up to 55m in length, with drafts of 4.5m, but requires extensive local knowledge.

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Tides—Currents.—Outside the lagoon, the tidal currents

follow the trend of the reef, the flood setting N and the ebb S, at velocities of 1.5 to 2.5 knots. The currents turn about 1 hour after HW and LW.

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Aspect.—A conspicuous church, with metal-roofed build-

ings close N and S of it, stands at Umantewena (0°44'S., 174°28'E.), while prominent churches stand in villages 1 mile and 3.5 miles N of Umantewena. Numatong (0°36'S., 174°13'E.), an island standing on the NW reef, is conspicuous from a vessel off the W reef. When approaching Archer Entrance from the N, vessels should give Numatong a berth of at least 5 miles to clear the spit extending W from it.

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Temaraia.

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There is a good landing at Kairaoa, about 0.4 mile SSE of Anchorage.—Outside the lagoon, anchorage is available in

Archer Entrance, with a beacon (0°40.9'S., 174°20.9'E.) bear- ing 075°, 4 miles distant. Southwest Anchorage has depths of 31m E of Autaken Reef (0°44'S., 174°23'E.). Vessels anchor with the mission at Umantewena a little over 3 miles distant, bearing 020°. Close NW of the anchorage there are two boat passages into the atoll, the N one being preferred. Anchorage within the lagoon requires local knowledge. Caution.—Autaken Reef, on the SW side of the atoll, is nearly awash, steep-to, and always shows well. Autaken Spit

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Pub. 126

4.36 Kuria (0°13'N., 173°24'E.), an island about 6.8 miles

WNW of Aranuka Atoll, is divided into two parts near the middle, the N of which is known as Oneaka. The island is densely wooded and covered with palm trees, 21m high. A fringing reef surrounds the island. An unsurveyed spit, on which the sea usually breaks, extends about 5 miles NW from the N extremity of Oneaka. Depths of 9 to 17m are located 1 mile and 1.3 miles E, respectively, from the E extremity of Kuria.

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Tides—Currents.—In June, the current was observed to set

W with a velocity of 2 knots. Near the coast the tidal current changes with the tide.

Anchorage.—There is an anchorage off the W side of Kuria, in a depth of 27.4m, on the edge of a shelf.

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Caution.—Mariners are cautioned to give the SE extremity

of Kuria a wide berth, as this area is unsurveyed and contains shoal water. A large reef extends to the E from about the midpoint of the island.

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The boat passage over the reef cannot be used within 1 hour

of LW. 4.37 Abemama Atoll (Hopper Atoll) (0°21'N., 173°51'E.)

lies about 23 miles ENE of Kuria, with an almost continuous chain of islands on the N and E sides of the lagoon. There are no off-lying dangers reported anywhere near Abemama Atoll, and vessels may circumnavigate it in safety by keeping about 1 mile off the breakers. There are depths of 200m close to the edge of the reef surrounding the atoll, making outside anchor- age dangerous. There are two passes into the lagoon; the West- ern Passage (0°24'N., 173°47'E.) and South Passage. Vessels are urged to contact the Marine Superintendent at Tarawa for the latest information on the depths and aids to navigation marking the channels of this atoll.

(0°47'S., 174°20'E.) extends about 2 miles in a SW direction from Autaken Reef. It is light in color, very shoal, and easily distinguished.

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From the spit, the sunken reef extends NNW for about 6

miles to Archer Entrance. On this reef are numerous small pinnacle coral heads known locally as "horse’s heads," which are difficult to see and make it necessary to avoid this part of the reef.

4.35 Aranuka (0°08'N., 173°37'E.), S point, lies about 56

miles NW of the N extremity of Nonouti. It consists of two wooded islets lying on a reef enclosing a shallow lagoon. The islets appear to be connected in a continuous string by low, sandy beaches, with a boat passage on the SW side of the atoll. A reef and dangerous ground extend about 4 miles WNW

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from the W extremity of the W islet, and for a distance of up to 2 miles off the N side of the atoll.

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Anchorage.—Anchorage is reported on the reef extending

out to the W and N, but there is considerable swell. There is also anchorage, in depths of 14.6 to 18.3m, coral, from 0.1 to 0.3 mile from the reef close S of the boat passage on the SW side.

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Caution.—The boat passage is available in moderate

weather from half-flood to half-ebb tide. There are several ob- structions in it and the currents are strong, rendering the pass- age dangerous. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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