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Sector 4. The Kiribati Islands to the Marshall Islands

on the W side. The lagoon is studded with numerous coral heads. At LW, it is possible to walk all the way around the islands in the lagoon. There are two boat channels leading through the reef. The N channel S of Temuah Island (1°47'S., 175°29'E.) leads to the jetty on the W side of Tanyah Island, the N island. It has been reported that the N channel is hazardous. The S channel, N of the SW island, leads to the lagoon and the village on the S island. The tidal rise is about 1.8m. There is a conspicuous stone beacon with a white top on Temuah Island, at the NW extremity of the atoll.

Anchorage.—The principal anchorage is off the N boat passage, about 1 mile S of Temuah Island, in depths of 11 to 12.8m, with Temuah Beacon bearing 000° and the S extremity of Tanyah Island bearing 107°.

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Large vessels can anchor about 0.3 mile W of the latter an- chorage, in 18 to 21m, where there is plenty of swinging room. Landing can be effected at the coral rock jetty on Tanyah Is-

4.30 4.30

land at all tides. 4.31 Beru (1°20'S., 176°00'E.), about 37 miles NE of Ono-

toa, is surrounded by a reef and has a small lagoon on its W side. Coconut palms cover Beru. Near the center of the island, the reef extends about 2.5 miles W. It extends about 0.3 mile from the SE point and always breaks. Beyond the edge of the reef is a spit extending 0.5 mile E, with depths of 7.3 to 21.9m. There is a boat channel through the reef abreast the NW

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point of the island. A boat passage lies about 0.5 mile N of the SW corner of the barrier reef. The reef off the NW end of the island has a depth of about 1.8m at HW, when it can be crossed by boats.

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105

Anchorage.—There is anchorage, in 14.6m, coral, close to

the reef abreast a trading station at the southernmost village. It can be used only in good weather with winds between the N and E.

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Espiegle Anchorage is abreast the mission buildings off the

W side of the atoll. Anchorage is available, in depths of 10.9 to 51m, with the NW extremity of the island bearing 342°, and the SW extremity bearing 114°.

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Directions.—The best landing is about 4 miles from the S

extremity of the island, on the central inner reef, opposite a church and the trading station.

4.32 Nikunau (1°23'S., 176°26'E.), located about 23 miles

E of Beru, is of coral formation and surrounded by a reef. The seaward edge of the reef drops away rapidly into deep depths. There are breakers all around Nikunau. A shoal, with a depth of 6.7m about 0.5 mile from shore, extends from its S point. A narrow spit, with depths of less than 16.4m, extends SE for about 1.5 miles from the SE end of the island. A spit, with a depth of 6.7m at its seaward extremity, extends about 0.5 mile W from the NW end of the island. The island is 1.8 to 2.4m high and thickly covered with coconut and pandanus trees. All the villages are on the W coast.

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Anchorage.—There are no suitable anchorages for large

vessels. In 1959, a vessel anchored off Rungata village (near the center), just over 0.1 mile clear of the reef, in a depth of 69.5m. From the anchorage the flagstaff bore 107°, the white Mission building bore 061°, and the spire of the Roman Cath- olic church bore 021°. The anchorage is unsafe in a W wind. Directions.—There is a landing at Rungata through a boat

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passage which has been blasted through the reef. The passage is located opposite a point on the shore just N of the prominent white Mission building. Landing may also be affected over the reef on a stretch of sandy beach fronting a large native building in a cleared space about 1.5 miles N of the S point of the island.

4.33 Tabiteuea (1°33'S., 175°02'E.), the largest atoll of the

Kiribati Islands, lies about 31 miles NW of Onotoa and is about 32 miles long. It consists of a chain of islets, lying in a NW-SE direction, thinly covered with trees. At the S end of the atoll is a lagoon, enclosed on its N and E sides by islets, and on its S side by a drying reef. The W side of the lagoon is also closed by a barrier reef extending out about 5 miles. The lagoon depths are from 3.7 to 9.1m.

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There is a ship passage into the S lagoon. West Passage,

about 13.5 miles, bearing 254° from the N extremity of Buariki (1°28'S., 175°04'E.), should not be attempted by a vessel drawing over 3m. Local knowledge is necessary for the use of this passage.

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Eanikai (1°10'S., 174°43'E.), the N island of the atoll, has

several mission stations and villages. A beacon, 18m high, and a flagstaff are useful landmarks on the island.

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Nautilus Shoal (1°34'S., 174°55'E.) is reported to lie 7 miles

WSW of the SE extremity of Buariki, the E island of the atoll. Depths of the shoal are from 9.1 to 21.9m, and are reported to be connected to the reef by foul ground.

NASA Image

Beru

A dark brown rock, called The Breaker, lies in about position 1°29'S, 174°51'E. This rock is awash at LW and

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