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Sector 4. The Kiribati Islands to the Marshall Islands

also with Te Afualiku and Paava in line bearing 071°. This berth offers convenient anchorage in E and SE winds.

4.19

Within the lagoon, anchorage is available NW, W, and SW

of the village, but several reefs and shoals, some of which break, lie within 0.5 mile of the beach. Shelter here is reported to be moderately good, but vessels should use caution and a good scope of cable, as there are frequent heavy winds and rain squalls. A ground swell has also been reported here.

4.19

Caution.—Caution should be exercised when navigating

within the vicinity of the passes, and within the lagoon due to the age of the survey. Uncharted shoals may exist off the recommended track, especially in the W portion of the lagoon. The aids to navigation marking the shoals within the lagoon have been reported to be unreliable or not in place.

4.20 Fatato Islet and Funangongo Islet (8°33'S.,

179°10'E.), with a few coconut palms, lie on the reef which ex- tends about 3 miles continuously SW from the SW extremity of Funafuti Island, at distances of about 0.6 mile and 1.8 miles, respectively, from that point.

4.20

Funamanu Islet, about 0.5 mile SW of Funangongo Islet, is

covered with coconut palms and is marked close S of its W extremity by a beacon. A rocky spit, which does not always show well, extends about 0.2 mile SW from the W extremity of the islet.

4.20

Falefatu Island (8°35'S., 179°08'E.) is a narrow wooded

island lying about 1 mile SW of Funamanu Islet. Reefs and shoals, with depths of less than 5.5m, extend nearly 0.3 mile off the NE and SW ends, and off the SE side of the island. Mateika (8°36'S., 179°07'E.), the N extremity of which lies

4.20

about 1.3 miles SW of Falefatu Island, is the northernmost of a chain of islets extending S to the S extremity of the atoll. These islets are all wooded with coconut palms and show a very uniform outline. Motungie is the S islet of the group. Avalau is a small islet about 0.3 mile W of Motungie.

4.20

From Avalau (8°38'S., 179°05'E.) the reef, with several

small wooden islets located on it, extends for about 2.3 miles in a N direction to Tefala (8°36'S., 179°05'E.). Tefala, a small islet on the reef forming the W side of the atoll, lies 1.75 miles W of the N extremity of Mateika. From Tefala, the reef extends NNW for 1.25 miles to Fuagea Islet, and then for 1.5 miles to Te Ava Fuagea passage.

Te Ava Fuagea (8°33'S., 179°04'E.) is a deep passage which was previously described in paragraph 4.19.

4.20 4.20

Te Ava Fuagea passes between reefs, awash at extreme LW,

while the reef bordering the N edge of the pass has boulders on it.

4.20

From seaward, and with local knowledge, proceed as safe

navigation permits keeping a good lookout for reefs and the current. The pass has a least width of about 0.1 mile, and a least depth of 18m, while the track across the lagoon has a least reported depth of 12.3m.

4.21 Fuafatu (8°31'S., 179°03'E.), the W islet of the atoll,

is located 5.5 miles N of Tefala and lies near the outer edge of the reef which projects W at this point.

4.21

Te Akau Fuafatu is a 5.5m coral patch lying 1 mile W of

Fuafatu. It rises from a bank of sand and coral, with depths of 11 to 12.8m, which projects about 1 mile W from the reef. This bank drops very steeply down to the 200m curve. With any

Pub. 126

swell, the shoal breaks heavily and the bank on which it stands breaks occasionally. Fualopa and Tepuka (8°28'S., 179°06'E.) are two wooded islets lying 1.75 and 3 miles NE of Fuafatu. Te Afualiku is an islet about 1.8 miles N of Tepuka.

4.21

Pava Islet and Fualifeke Islet (8°26'S., 179°08'E.), about 1.3

and 1.5 miles ENE, respectively, of Te Afualiku Islet, are both wooded and nearly joined at LW by a sandy spit. The reef on which they lie partly dries, and extends about 0.5 mile WSW from Pava Islet.

4.21

Vessels, with a draft greater than 3m, wishing to navigate Te

Paupau, should exercise extreme caution, as shoals with depths of less than 5m lie within 0.15 mile of the fairway. Banks, which were reported in 1972 to be extending, restrict the pass through the reef to a width of 0.1 mile. The fairway has a least reported depth of 12.7m, but passes over charted depths of 12.3m, 0.5 mile SW of the beacon on Funamanu.

4.21

When approaching the pass from seaward, the entrance

should be identified visually, as the beacon on Funamanu is not conspicuous; also, the islands between Funamanu and Funa- futiare are not radar conspicuous. The beacon used as a steer- ing mark (iron rail) should not be confused with a similar bea- con situated about 0.5 mile SSE of it. This second beacon

marks Te Ulu Bungu (8°33'N., 178°08'E.).

4.21

Te Ava I De Lape has a width of about 0.3 mile, a least depth

of 5.8m, and is the most straightforward entrance for the lagoon. The channel passes between banks, with depths of less than 5m, which extend from coral reefs projecting from Te Afualeku, Pava, and Fualifekele.

4.21

From seaward, steer with the E end of the trees on Funan-

gongo ahead bearing about 159.5°. When about 1.5 miles SSE of the pass, steer for the SE radio mast on Funafuti bearing 130°.

4.21

Caution.—The local authorities should be consulted for the

latest information on depths, dangers, recommended tracks, and instructions before attempting to enter any of the channels mentioned above. The passes and lagoon require local know- ledge.

4.22 Nukufetau Atoll (8°00'S., 178°20'E.) comprises a

group of islets located on a reef about 48 miles NW of Funafuti Atoll. The atoll is roughly rectangular in shape, and contains some 30 islands and islets rising from a narrow coral reef. At LW, much of the reef is dry or barely awash. It is possible to walk between many of the islands and far out into the lagoon at LW. This group of islets forms a part of Tuvalu. All vessels discharge cargo to lighters. A wreck lies stranded on the reef, close W of the atoll’s S island.

4.22

On Savave Island (8°02'S., 178°18'E.), one of a group of

islands at the SW corner of the atoll, is a native village, the white buildings and flagstaff of which are visible from the sea. At the SE corner of the atoll is Motolalo Island, the largest of the chain.

4.22

The barrier reef on the NW side is broken by two passes,

Teafua and Deafatule Pass. Teafua, entered about 1.8 miles NE of Savage Island, is used by vessels with local knowledge. Tides—Currents.—A set, depending upon the state of the

4.22

tide and the conditions of the weather, will generally be noted by vessels when approaching the seaward entrance of Teafua Pass. This set appears strongest on the ebb tide, when it usually sets S. A slight set to N may be expected inside the lagoon near Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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