This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
Sector 4. The Kiribati Islands to the Marshall Islands

4.19 Funafuti Atoll (8°31'S., 179°08'E.) (World Port

Index No. 55617), about 60 miles NW of Nukulailai, consists of a group of 30 islands and islets lying on reefs which encircle a lagoon. The lagoon contains numerous dangerous shoals and coral patches, several of which break heavily in the swell, which sets in through the various passages. The lagoon is en- cumbered by numerous banks and coral clusters not generally visible if covered by more than 6m of water. Its W part is especially foul and is full of small coral patches rising steeply with deep water all around. In the deepest parts, there are depths up to 48m, sand and coral.

101

attain rates of 4 knots, with the ebb being the stronger. During SE winds, currents are less. In Te Puapua the flood sets W, the ebb SE, at rates of about 1 knot. The maximum current in Te Ava Fuagea is found to be 1.5 knots, this maximum coming at the springs on the ebb halfway between HW and LW. The cur- rent was usually under 1 knot. The current was not at anytime sufficient to interfere with navigation.

4.19

Depths—Limitations.—The largest vessel to have been

handled was reported to be of 11,500 grt. Of the passes through the reefs, Te Ava I De Lape is the favored entrance, but has a depth of 5.8m (1985) on the bar. Te Ava Fuagea has a depth of 18.3m, but has a width of about 0.1 mile. From the pass to the wharf, the charted track has a least depth of 12.3m. Te Puapua has a least depth of 12.7m. The wharf, situated on the lagoon side of Funafuti islands, is L-shaped and offers two berths. The outer face has a length of about 50m and alongside depths of 8m. The inner face has a length of 40m and an alongside depth of 5.5m. An offshore multi-point mooring is situated off an oil tank just N of the wharf, but no information on depths at this berth are presently available.

NASA Image

Funafuti Atoll

4.19

Winds—Weather.—The prevailing winds are E, with a N

component from November to April and a S component from May to October. East to SW winds are steadier, but E to NE winds are slightly more frequent winds. Average winds are from 10 to 13 knots. The strongest gales occur in the season from November to April. Waterspouts are frequently seen in the area. The wet season is from December to March. Septem- ber and October are the driest months. Squalls occur occa- sionally in the afternoons, but are of short duration.

Tides—Currents.—The spring rise within the lagoon is 1.8m, while the neap rise is 1.3m.

4.19 4.19

Currents within 7 or 8 miles of the atoll generally set W, but

off the atoll’s NE side the currents take a more N set. The current does not exceed rates of 0.75 knot, and is seldom more than 0.5 knot.

4.19

Tidal currents in the center of the lagoon are weak and

irregular. Observations on currents were that in general, the tidal current flows along the axis of the channels. Maximum flood velocity of about 2 knots and maximum ebb velocity of about 1.6 knots may be expected.

4.19

Tidal currents in Te Ava I De Lape have an average max-

imum spring rate of 1.2 knots on the flood and 1.5 knots on the ebb. With NE winds, however, rates in the middle of the pass

4.19

Photo by Bob Girdo

Funafuti Wharf

Aspect.—Funafuti Island, the largest of the group, is located

on the reef and is the only one of the group with permanent inhabitation. The whole island is densely covered with coconut palms and presents a very uniform appearance when seen from a distance.

4.19

The tanks, and a wreck situated 0.2 mile WNW of the wharf,

are conspicuous. A church with a metal roof lies 1 mile SSE of the wharf. Several radio masts are charted on the seaward side of the island.

4.19

Pilotage.—Pilotage, which is available 24 hours a day, is not

compulsory. Vessels should contact Funafuti Coast Radio Station, via radiotelephone, 48 hours and 24 hours prior to arrival with an ETA. The pilot will board the vessel from a small boat at Te Ava Pua Pua passage (8°35'S., 179°08'E.). Anchorage.—Outside the barrier reef, anchorage is avail-

4.19

able on the lee side of the atoll. A vessel, 143m in length, with a draft of 7.6m, has reported anchoring, in a depth of 13m, be- tween Fuafatu and Te Akau Fuafatu. The vessel reported the holding ground as good, and had also reported experiencing NE winds, force 3 to 6.

Anchorage may be taken on a bank located about 1.3 miles NNW of Tepuka, with the W end of the island bearing 153°,

4.19

Pub. 126 Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
Produced with Yudu - www.yudu.com