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4.14

Sector 4. The Kiribati Islands to the Marshall Islands

Atafu Island (8°32'S., 172°31'W.) is an atoll consisting of a

number of islets lying on a triangular-shaped reef which encloses a lagoon. The reefs surrounding the atoll are mostly steep-to. The islets are covered with coconut, pandanus, and low trees. A conspicuous clump of casuarina trees is located on the S islet of the atoll. Masts, 21m high, stand on the S side of Atafu Island, the NW island of the atoll. There is a passage, S of the island, into the lagoon that lighters can use.

Landing can be effected at the S end of the NW islet. It is difficult to land except within 2 hours of HW.

4.14 4.14

Caution.—In 1977, a shoal was reported 133 miles ENE of

Atafu in position 7°47'S, 170°23'W.

4.15 Nukunonu Atoll (Nukunono Atoll) (9°11'S.,

171°52'W.), consisting of several islands, lies about 45 miles SE from the SE extremity of Atafu Island. The N part of the atoll is a bare reef, awash, upon which the sea breaks heavily. A church with a steeple is located in the center of the village near the S end of Nukunonu island. A large metal roofed meeting hall is located adjacent to the beach just S of the church. of Nukunonu Atoll is conspicuous from the W; near the W extremity is a noticeable clump of bushes, 2.4 to 3m high. A red and white mast stands on an island SE of Nukunonu Atoll. A doctor is located on Motusaga island which is connected to Nukunonu island by a bridge 50m in length and visible from sea.

4.15

During offshore winds, fair anchorage can be obtained on the

shelf of the reef, in 27.4m, coral bottom, on the W side of the atoll, about 0.6 mile S of the N extremity of Nukunonu Atoll. A mooring buoy is located off the village in approximately 30m of water. If requested, local authorities will come out in a skiff and bring people ashore. The island Police or Customs can be contacted on 9080 kHz.

4.15

Landing is dangerous, but canoes can land abreast at the

village on Nukunonu, or about 2 miles N, according to the di- rection of the wind. A boat channel, with a reported depth of 1.2m, lies off the church and is protected by boulder break- waters. This channel, which leads to a landing on a sandy beach, breaks heavily during SSE winds.

4.15

Caution.—Caution is advised, as the boat passage was dam-

aged in a storm in 1987. The passage is littered with rubble, and is no longer marked by boulders.

4.16 Fakaofo (9°23'S., 171°15'W.), about 35 miles ESE of

Nukunonu, consists of 61 islets lying on reefs which encircle a lagoon. The reefs which form the sides of the atoll are awash at LW, but bare in places with coral rocks and boulders emerging from the water. The surf is heavy on the NE or weather side, but moderate on the W side. The lagoon contains a few coral heads and reefs. The larger islets are covered with coconut palms, native trees, and undergrowth.

4.16

Fonua Fala (Fenua Fala) (9°23'S., 171°17'W.) is the W islet

of the atoll. Lighters can enter the lagoon abreast Fakaofo village, about 1 mile SE of Fonua Fala, but the passage through the reef is hazardous. There is a small hospital on Fakaofo islet and an emergency seaplane landing area in the lagoon NE of the islet.

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4.18 Nukulailai (Nukulaelae) (9°22'S., 179°51'E.) com-

prises several islets located on a coral reef which surrounds a shallow lagoon.

It was reported (1993) that a 20m shoal lies 43 miles S of the atoll in position 10°09.5'N, 179°41.8'W.

4.18

Fangawa Island, lying on the W extremity of the reef, is 26m high and wooded. There is a mission station on this island. Tides—Currents.—The flood current sets SSW and the ebb current sets N at the anchorage.

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Anchorage.—There is precarious anchorage W of Fangawa

Island, in 12.8m, 0.2 mile from the main reef. The bank on which to anchor is best found by eye from aloft, being easily seen with a good light. A vessel, 87m in length, has reported anchoring, in depths of 34 to 36m, with the N tangent of Fan- gawa Island bearing 047° and the S tangent bearing 110°. This position was found to be satisfactory in moderate to fresh E to SE winds.

4.18

Landing from boats is a very hazardous operation, except in

calm weather with local knowledge, as even native canoes frequently capsize. There are two boat passages through the main reef. The passage off the W side of Fangawa Island is satisfactory during moderate to fresh E weather. During SE weather, a landing place off Matala, about 1 mile NNE of Fangawa Island, is preferable.

Tuvalu (Ellice Islands)

4.17 Tuvalu, formerly the Ellice Island group, became an independent state in 1978. It became part of the Republic of Kiribati in 1979. This group of islands lies between 5° and 10°S, and 176°E and 180°, extending about 360 miles in a NW-SE direction. It consists of nine atolls or clusters of islands, which are low and flat. The tops of the coconut trees are from 18 to 24m high.

4.17

Tides—Currents.—The N part of the group experiences a

W set, as it lies within the South Equatorial Current. Currents in the S part of the group are variable.

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Niulakita Island (Sophia Island) (10°45'S., 179°30'E.), the

S island of the group, is a little higher than most of the group and thickly covered with trees. The island is surrounded by a fringing reef, and a bank, with a depth of 25.6m, extends about 1 mile off its shores. Depths of 14.6m extend about 0.5 mile from the shores of the island. Outside of 1 mile from the island, the depths increase rapidly.

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Anchorage.—There is anchorage off the SW side of the is-

land, in 12.8m, in a position defined by the left tangent of the island bearing 048°, and the right tangent bearing 077°. There is a good anchorage off the NW side of the island, in depths of 13 to 21m, sand, about 0.5 mile from shore, with the E end of the island bearing 112° and the W end bearing 156°. A reef extends about 0.2 mile from the W extremity of the island. Landing on the island is difficult in other than canoes. The

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landing place on the SW side of the island cannot be used in SE weather.

4.17

Caution.—Mariners without local knowledge should keep

to the W of the island, as shoal water has been reported to ex- tend up to 13 miles ESE of the island’s E end. A bank, position doubtful, with a least depth of 25.5m, has been reported to lie 9 miles NE of the island. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310
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