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[Country review]

P73

18-04-2008

Horst-P. Schettler- Köhler

Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning

Germany

Implementation of the EPBD in Germany: Status and future Planning – March 2008

In Germany most aspects of the EPBD have already been implemented by the Energy Saving Ordinance (Energieeinsparverordnung) 2002. A calculation method for energy performance has therefore been in place, requirements for new buildings have been based on that method, energy performance certificates have been compulsory for new buildings and in case of certain major refurbishments, requirements for nearly all cases of modernisation of fabric elements have been in place since 1984 without any threshold concerning the buildings size. Boilers need to be inspected regularly since 1978 and need to be replaced if necessary. Missing in terms of the directive were compulsory certificates in cases of sale and renting of existing buildings, a compulsory display of certificates in buildings for public services frequently visited by the public, as well as mandatory inspections of air conditioning units. The energy demand of air conditioning had not been taken into account in the calculation method.

More Information Papers on other European activities can be found at:

www.buildingsplatform.eu

All the mentioned missing aspects of the directive have been implemented by the Energy Saving Ordinance 2007. Since this ordinance did not change the level of requirements, the requirements are going to be enforced gradually by the Energy Saving Ordinance 2009 which is due to be issued during 2008. The requirements will be enforced in a first step by 30 % and in 2012 again by an equal step. The new ordinance is currently in the process of legislation.

1 > Legal Context

The implementation of the EPBD in Germany lies generally in the responsibility of the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development and the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology. The Federal Ministry for the environment, Natural Conservation and Nuclear Safety is responsible for the subject of boiler inspection (Article 8).

Primarily, the implementation of the EPBD was realised on the basis of the Energy saving Act (Energieeinsparungsgesetz), which originally came into force in 1976 and defines the legal framework for requirements concerning › thermal insulation of buildings, › the efficiency and energetic maintenance of appliances for heating, ventilation and hot water supply as well as

› billing of heating- and hot water cost on the basis of individual consumption.

Based on this Energy Saving Act the detailed requirements concerning the energy performance of new and refurbished buildings have been set up by the Energy Saving Ordinance since 2002. These requirements take into

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