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recommendations for improvements. Separate energy certificates can be issued for existing housing companies, other large residential buildings (rental housing) and for non-residential buildings.

Finland has had voluntary energy audit programme for residential buildings since 2003 and for other building types and sectors since 1992. Energy audits include very detailed inspection of the building, many measurements, calculations, recommendations for the improvements and reporting on a specified form. A state grant covers 40% of the auditing costs. The programme has produced very good results in energy savings. In order to achieve good results in the future, and to maintain grants, the energy audit cannot be mandatory in the energy certification legislation. Since the energy audit is the most detailed alternative to issuing an energy certificate, the legislation states that energy auditors may issue the energy certificates in connection with energy audits. In this case, the energy certificate does not include recommendations, because they are already described in more detail in the energy audit report.

The energy rating of new buildings will be based on the calculated energy consumption. Existing buildings will be rated according to their actual energy consumption. When certificates are drawn up on a voluntary basis for existing detached houses or apartment blocks with no more than six homes, the energy certificate will be based on the calculated energy consumption. In small residential buildings, the calculated energy consumption includes space and hot water heating, all electricity consumption and cooling energy. In large residential buildings, the electricity of the household is not included in the energy consumption. The energy consumption of non-residential buildings includes heating (space and hot water), cooling energy, HVAC-electricity and in-built lighting.

The Decree on Energy Certification of Buildings, issued by the Ministry of the Environment, includes the technical details of the certification: energy rating, certificate templates, rules for assessment, calculation of the energy performance of the building, and identification of the consultant performing the certification. The Ministry has also prepared a guidebook on the energy certification of buildings, including model certificates and examples of calculating the energy rating.

The energy rating classifies the buildings on an efficiency scale ranging from A (high energy efficiency) to G (poor efficiency). New buildings constructed in accordance with the requirements of the Building Regulations 2007 would typically fall in energy class D. Energy ratings are set in the Energy Certificate Decree for ten different building categories:

› › ›

Small residential buildings (less than 6 homes) Large residential buildings Office buildings

› Commercial buildings



Educational buildings

› Children's day care centres › Health care buildings › Assembly buildings



Indoor swimming pools › Other buildings

The local building supervision authority must keep an archive of the certificates issued for new buildings. Qualified experts also have to keep an archive for 15 years of the certificates they have issued. It is possible for the Ministry to access these archives to conduct periodic checks of the certificates. The first checks will start at the end of 2008.

EPBD Buildings Platform > P120_EN_Finland_Aug 2008

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