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Automation takes another step
Table 1: average gross crane productivity in 2009 (moves/hour)
Terminal Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
HJNC 29.5 30.8 31.4 31.3 31.5 32.5
North Port (Busan) 27.6 27.3 28 27 27 28
Hanjin New Port Co (HJNC) has
Hanjin’s new facility in Busan shows that the benefits
now handled over 1M TEU at its
of automated stacking cranes are not confined to
Table 2: average truck turnaround times in 2009 (in minutes)
new terminal at Phase 2-1 of
Busan Newport since it began re- Month Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
ceiving vessels in February 2009.
terminals designed with an “end loading” yard
Times 11.64 12.21 11.77 10.53 10.41 10.37 9.72
The terminal has three berths over
1100m of quay and a 66-ha yard made. Choi said HJNC needs 80% than an all electrically-powered time, effectively moving the ref-
area. Hanjin decided to implement of the manpower of an RTG ter- ASC, so density is important. erence point for the crane’s auto-
automated stacking cranes (ASCs) minal handling the same volume, Critical success factors for mated positioning system.
to reduce running costs. so a significant saving in labour achieving high productivity in- At CTA Hamburg, ABB used
Asian terminals have tradition- cost has been achieved. clude purchasing enough ASCs, a poured concrete block to pro-
ally been designed with RTG He also notes that the average using cameras over all areas of the vide a definitive position from
blocks running parallel to the cycle time of an RTG is faster terminal to monitor tractor wait- which to calibrate the crane posi-
quayside layout to maximise the compared to an ASC (including ing times and co-locating termi- tioning system but the new “au-
length of the blocks and the the remote control handling over nal planners and remote control tomatic calibration stand” is a
number of ground slots. However, road trucks), but the ASC is more operators to enable fast decision faster, more cost-effective system
such a layout requires more IMVs efficient overall because of its making when issues arise. that requires no civil works.
for the quay-stack transfer, so the higher availability. For the future Another development is in yard
labour savings from introducing HJNC has identified two areas Off-the-shelf? planning software, traditionally the
ASCs are not as great. where productivity could be im- For ABB, HJNC represents an- realm of the TOS supplier. While
In the 1990s Kawasaki imple-
HJNC is perhaps the most intensive parallel layout ASC yard yet built
proved: better yard tractor pool- other step in the evolution of yard some TOS vendors have developed
mented a parallel layout, as a “car- ing and “performing perfect dou- automation as a standardised prod- specialist off-the-shelf applications
bon copy” of Thamesport, the Hanjin does not consider that minal. Road truck turn times have ble cycling.” uct. Hans Cedervqvist, manager, for ASCs, terminals may want to
original ASC terminal, which was the parallel, double cantilever yard also steadily improved (Table 2). As to whether ASCs can be business development, ABB Crane use other software and/or existing
not deep enough to adopt a trans- system is more complicated to Although the terminal has not economically retrofitted to exist- Systems, said that one significant systems. For TPCT, ABB developed
verse layout, for which the “tem- operate than end loading blocks. quite been operating a year, its ing RTG terminals, Choi says it is development in this area is a de- software that allows the TOS to
plate” was DST Rotterdam. Five “Even if there is an interchange relatively fast ramp up to the 1M more likely at terminals that have vice for automatic calibration of send a work list to a crane where
Asian terminals have recently im- area at each end, the ASC cannot TEU milestone means a meaning- equipment and a high capacity. the exact position of the crane. onboard software works out the
plemented ASC blocks parallel to cross the block for safety ful comparison between Hanjin’s One diesel-electric RTG can Cranes and crane rails expand and best move sequence for that par-
the quay - Pusan East Container reasons,”said Choi. “With a paral- RTG terminal in Busan can be cover a larger (by length) block contract and ground settles over ticular crane block. ❏
Terminal, Pusan Newport and lel design we increased truck ac-
HJNC in Busan, and TPCT and cessibility.”
Evergreen Kaohsiung in Taiwan. This seems to be an important
Of these TPCT’s automated consideration for Hanjin and the
area is the largest yet with 42 company is developing a system
ZPMC double cantilever ASCs for dividing the transfer zone at
operating over 21 yard blocks the end of the ASC blocks at its
(seven blocks deep behind each new TTI Algeciras terminal
Reeling cables.
berth). Each crane spans 10 rows (where the blocks are parallel to
and stacks six high, with two truck one quay and transversal to the
lanes under each cantilever. other) into two separate zones, so
shuttle carriers can access two of
Traffic control four lanes while an ASC is “in pos-
One of the great benefits of an end session” of the other two.
loading system is the natural sepa-
ration it creates between quay and In operation
Smaller, lighter.
landside traffic flows. HJNC se- At its conventional RTG termi-
lected twin cantilever cranes to nal in Busan, Hanjin operates a
allow separate traffic systems for typical RTG strategy where ex-
internal and road trucks. port cargo is stacked near the
The latter are handled in the apron by type and vessel with the
landside lanes and the former on intention of reducing RTG travel
the waterside lanes. HJNC presi- and allowing one RTG to support
dent Young-Bae Choi Hanjin said one quay crane.
this means the terminal can fully For HJNC, Hanjin’s IT sub-
utilise the whole yard area and in- sidiary Cyberlogitec has devel-
crease truck access without de- oped new planning software
creasing berth productivity. where the aim is to spread con-
Road trucks drive directly to tainers evenly over the yard with
the ASCs and are directed where distribution that balances work, so
to stop by a chassis positioning two ASCs support one quay crane.
system supplied by ABB, the crane HJNC is pleased with the way
control supplier for the project. the system has performed over the
The terminal automation system course of handling its first 1M
confirms the container and move TEU. Crane productivity, which
instruction with the TOS and the Choi points out cannot be sup-
crane automation system positions ported without the yard system
the spreader over the container. functioning smoothly, has in-
At 7m above ground a remote creased steadily (Table 1).
control operator takes over and While it got its name as a tran-
lifts the container on/off the chas- shipment port, Busan is the main
sis and hoists the load. Korean gateway and truck turn
IMVs are handled with full times are an important measure for
automation once the drivers have local terminal operators. HJNC
positioned the container under the was designed for a 50:50 tranship-
crane. Choi said the stacking proc- ment/imp-ex mix and has in-
ess is faster than with road trucks. stalled an RFID based real-time
The ABB crane control system is location system (RTLS) for track-
the same under both cantilevers. ing road trucks through the ter-
Deal struck in Jacksonville
Hanjin Shipping and the Interna- committee for future considera-
tional Longshoremen’s Association tion when the ILA and the United
(ILA) are reported to have reached States Maritime Alliance recently
a deal on manning levels for agreed a two-year contract exten-
Hanjin’s new terminal at Dames sion. An ILA splinter group called
Point, Jaxport, which will feature the Longshore Workers Coalition
ASCs. The negotiations were long (LWC) is pushing the ILA to
and protracted and at one stage adopt a stronger position with re-
Hanjin advised the port author- gard to automation.
ity it was walking away because It circulated a paper from the
“our negotiations with the ILA ILA Atlantic Coast District claim-
have come to a standstill.” ing that Dames Point would cost
However, the sides have re- the ILA “a minimum of 200 jobs
portedly struck a deal that saw the per day” and that Hanjin was seek-
ILA agree to 18-member gangs ing assurances that ILA jurisdiction
(down from the 25 it requested) could never expand beyond “this
Aristoncavi S.p.A.
and “eight union workers in the skeletal staff.” It said the ASCs in Vir-
Brendola, Italy, t. +39 0444 749 900, f. +39 0444 749 800,,
container yard,” translating to 98 ginia had cost the union 52 jobs a
ILA jobs at the terminal. day, with one remote control opera-
Technology was deferred to a tor controlling eight machines. ❏
February 2010 39
39_pos43_WCN_Feb.indd 1 01/03/2010 22:23:21
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