This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
About 98% of the total carbon dioxide is a dwindling resource and third, oil is
found in the ocean and only 2% is in the produced by terror supporting countries, so
atmosphere. There is equilibrium between it is safer to reduce our dependence on oil.
the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and in
The Earth is surrounded by ionizing radiation
the ocean. As the temperature of the ocean
emitted by exploding stars. This radiation,
rises, the CO
2
moves from the ocean to the
also known as cosmic rays, reaches the
atmosphere and vice versa. The ‘Coca Cola’
Earth and ionizes the lower part of the
effect (where if you leave a bottle of Coca
atmosphere. The ionized ions and the
Cola in the Sun and open the heated bottle,
released electrons create ‘condensation
it fizzes because the dissolved carbon-
nuclei’, which serve as seeds for the
dioxide leaves the Coca Cola, moves to the
condensation of water vapors. The process
air and increases its pressure) is a well
is somewhat more complicated and a simple
known phenomenon that demonstrates that
description is given in the book by Svensmark
the solubility of gases in water decreases
and Calder. This cosmic radiation floods the
with temperature rises. If CO
2
has the effect
Earth day and night. At the same time, the
on the temperature of the earth that the
Sun drives a powerful wind through the solar
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
system. This wind carries the magnetic field
(IPCC) claims, then a runway should have
of the Sun and this field is sufficiently
occurred already. The rise in CO
2
causes a
powerful to shield the Earth from the
rise in temperature which again causes a
abundant, but critical, low energy part of the
further rise in CO and so on until the
2
cosmic rays. The power of the solar wind
temperatures are so high that the oceans
depends on the number of sunspots. The
evaporate (and add water vapor to the
more sunspots, the more powerful the wind
atmosphere) and the CO
2
from the oceans
is, and the less condensation and cloud
fills the atmosphere. However, this
forms. The number of sunspots changes on
phenomenon has not been observed. The
average every 11 years. Thus, the sun induces
rise in temperature, due to whatever reason,
a modulation of 11 years in the power of the
has not driven the CO
2
out of the oceans and
ionizing radiation and the amount of clouds.
into the atmosphere. A recent calculation by
The height of the oceans varies also with a
Professor Nir Shaviv, from the Hebrew
periodicity of 11 years. A historic example of
University in Jerusalem, Professor Rainer
this is the Maunder minimum, a period of
Wehrse, from the Heidelberg University
about 50 years (1650-1700) when, because
Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, and
there were no sunspots, it was so cold that
myself has shown that the selective (in
the River Thames froze.
wavelength) absorption of solar radiation by
CO
The Earth is connected to the rest of the
2
is well saturated and hence, a further
increase in the concentration of CO
Universe and stellar explosions far away
2
affects
only the temperature at high altitude and
affect our life here on the Earth while the
not at sea level.
solar wind shields us from the rest of the
Universe. Unpredictable variations in the
CO
2
is not to blame for causing the heating
shielding mechanism, the solar wind and
of the Earth. This has been shown in many
sunspots prevent us from forecasting
global ways which have not been described
accurately the long term weather of the
here, except for the fact that if it were not
Earth. Extensive research in solar physics
so, we would have witnessed a temperature
will hopefully bring us to the day when such
runway long ago. Moreover, a detailed
predictions will become reliable.
numerical calculation of the saturation effect
of CO
Svensmark, H., Calder, N., The Chilling Stars,
2
shows that, if anything, the increase
Icon Books Ltd. UK, 2007.
in CO
2
concentration should affect the
temperature at high altitudes (above 15 km)
Shaviv, N.J., Using the oceans as a calorimeter
and effectively cool the lower levels of the
to quantify the solar radiative forcing, J. Geophys.
atmosphere. However, we should still be
Res., 113,
trying to reduce our CO
2
emissions for a
2008, A11101, doi:10.1029/2007JA012989.
number of reasons. First, the release of CO
2
is accompanied with pollution, second, oil is
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