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Driving Tour
Land Protection
In the 1700s, the Finger Lakes region was almost completely covered with forest. The original forests were mainly sugar maple, beech, hemlock, black cherry,
white ash, and red and white oaks. By the 1800s, agricultural communities began to spring up around Skaneateles Lake. As they did, much of the virgin forests
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were cut and cleared, drastically changing the landscape. Today, no virgin timber stands remain in the watershed. The present forests consist of second-growth
stands of the original species, with chestnut and American elm missing as a result of disease. The forested areas of the watershed, especially on the steeper
slopes at the south end, provide many water quality benefits, including storm water retention and erosion control. A current threat to these forests, as well as many
local street trees, is the introduction of invasive tree pests such as the Emerald Ash Borer. If transported into the area, these insects could cause the death of
Local Harvest
many trees and devastate local forests. Since many tree pests lay their eggs on trees or live inside the tree during part of their lifecycle, visitors should, by law,

avoid transporting any firewood (as it has the potential to spread the insects and result in new infestations).

Agriculture is important in the Skaneateles Lake Watershed. Today, about 48% of land in the

Bear Swamp Forest
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High Vista Nature Preserve 18
Skaneateles Lake Watershed is categorized as agricultural land, and the rolling fields and rural
Route 41A, Moravia NY Vincent Hill Road, Homer NY
vistas are classic signatures of the Finger Lakes landscape. The Skaneateles Lake Watershed
Once cleared for settlements, the forest is now recovering through The Finger Lakes Land Trust owns this 135-acre
Agricultural Program (SLWAP) was created in 1994 by the City of Syracuse and the Onondaga
reforestation efforts by the NYS Department of Environmental property of forest and wetland, open to hikers,
County Soil and Water Conservation District to offer farmers in the watershed the opportunity
Conservation. The state manages approximately 3,200 acres of on the steep hillside above Skaneateles Lake.
to implement Whole Farm Planning and work towards water quality protection. The SLWAP
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land in Bear Swamp forest, which is popular with hikers, bikers, A small parking area is uphill of the trailhead. For
remains a successful model of NYS Agricultural Environmental Management, while also
and Nordic skiers. Bear Swamp is also part of the Audubon South- more information, visit the website at www.fllt.org
promoting viable agriculture, preservation of open space, and the continued maintenance of a
ern Skaneateles Forest Important Bird Area, and provides habitat
safe and reliable food supply. Visit some of the sites below to sample some of the local bounty:
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to red-shouldered hawks, pine siskins and migratory songbirds.



Lockwood Fiber and Flower Farm 1
In addition to these areas, the City of Syracuse has also promoted the preservation of land through their Land Protection Program. From 2005–
2009, the City purchased conservation easements covering 858 acres of ecologically-sensitive land in the watershed. Each perpetual conservation
1682 West Lake Road, Skaneateles ♦ (315) 685-5369 ♦ lockwoodfarm@aol.com easement purchased the development rights on the property and included provisions to protect water quality. Meanwhile, farming and forestry can
Lockwood Farm is a 120 acre flower and fiber farm overlooking Skaneateles Lake. Established continue on these privately owned lands, following a current Whole Farm Plan or forest management & harvest plan.
in 1854 the farm has been in the Lockwood family for five generations. The farm harvests
acres of wheat, barley, soybeans, corn and specializes in growing lavender. It is open to the
public on weekends (9am-2pm) during the last week of June through August for u-pick. The
Lavender Festival is held the second weekend of July.
Unique Geology

New Hope Mills
*NOTE: Street addresses in this
2 brochure are postal addresses. Refer to
The bedrock of the Skaneateles Lake Watershed consists of sedimentary rock deposited
5983 N. Glen Haven Rd, Moravia ♦ (315) 252-2676
map for township of actual sites. 375-360 million years ago. At the time most of the area was a shallow sea. For the next
Built in 1823 for local farmers to have their flour ground, New Hope Mills
325 million years, sediments from the mountains to the east washed into the basin.
features an overshot water wheel and covered bridge. Although no longer in operation, the mill
Eventually the sediments were compressed and hardened to form the various rock
originally had the capacity to take in 200 bushels a day. Today the well-known pancake mixes,
formations we see exposed in the gorges and gullies throughout the region. Today, this
flours, and baking mixes are made nearby in Auburn but can still be purchased at the mill store
11-Skaneateles Marina region is part of the hilly, glaciated Appalachian or Allegheny Plateau. The
June-October. Tours of the mill are also offered. Call for hours.
12-Glen Haven Hotel Launch
13-Skaneateles Sailing Club
11/15
northern part of the watershed is covered primarily by Hamilton shales, and some

Anyela’s Vineyard
limestones and sandstones. At the south end of the lake, the steep shorelines of
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14-NYS Small Boat Launch
15-Skaneateles Public Boat Launch
exposed bedrock include Genesee shales and limestones, with a thin band of Tully
2433 West Lake Road, Skaneateles ♦ (315) 685-3797
16-NYS DEC Boat Launch limestone. A spectacular example of Tully limestone can be viewed at
Since planting their vineyards in 2001, Anyela’s has three vintages in development. Unlike Carpenter Falls 1 9
( A ppletree Point Road, Niles NY), where
vineyards along neighboring Finger Lakes, Anyela’s must protect their grape vines from
Skaneateles’ colder temperatures by insulating them in the ground over the
Bear Swamp Creek plunges 90 feet over the falls.
winter and then re-trellising them in the spring. Anyela’s offers daily tastings
and vineyard tours. Call for hours or visit the web site for more
information: www.anyelasvineyards.com
Finger Lake Vistas

October Rose Farm
Historic Sites
4
Nunnery Road, Skaneateles
It wasn’t until 1881 that the first cottage on the lake was built by
♦ (315) 673-1206
A sustainable family farm specializing in pastured-raised poultry
Captain George Knapp Collins, a Civil War Veteran. Collins stated that The Glen Haven Water Cure was opened in 1847 at the
including broilers, ducklings, free-range eggs and Thanksgiving turkeys.
many people who came to see his cottage ridiculed him for doing something so “fool south end of the lake on the west shore. Founded by
The farm also offers pastured-raised lamb and pork, and focuses on
hardy.” Many remarked that summer cottages would never amount to anything. Since doctors who today would be said to be practicing alterna-
relationship marketing of clean, wholesome and delicious food for your
then, much of the shoreline of the lake has been developed for cottages and second tive medicine, patients were treated with copious amounts
family. Visitors welcome by appointment (May-October). Call ahead.
homes. Over the past few decades, the rate of development increased due to the of water, special diets, and exercise. Unrestrictive dress
lake’s proximity to urban centers and the availability of good highways. And although was prescribed for women. By the mid-1880s, it had be-

Vernak Farms Country Store
5
much of the shoreline is developed already, development pressure on the land come primarily a large summer resort hotel with a
1889 East Lake Road (Rt 41), Skaneateles
currently used for agriculture has increased as people are building on lands that offer
♦ (315) 673-9327
number of surrounding cottages that could be rented.
A unique country store with “Pride of NY” local products, bulk foods &
a lake view. When Collins wrote about Spafford, he noted the beauty of the views one The Glen Haven Hotel was purchased by the City of
spices, candies, ice cream, and seasonal produce.
could see from the road leading from the Village of Scott to the Village of Skaneateles on Syracuse and dismantled in 1911 to protect the

what is now Route 41. purity of the lake from the hotel’s inadequate
Glen Haven Hotel, c1910
School House Farm & Borodino Market


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“As the traveler approaches the County line there is suddenly opened to his view an expanse of 15-20 wastewater treatment system.
1852 Rose Hill Road, Skaneateles ♦ (315) 673-0744
miles of landscape,….covering the whole Skaneateles Lake...the traveler never losing sight of the
beautiful piece of water, from the first time it came into view in the hills of Scott...there is a satisfac-
Today the restaurant known as the Glen Haven Restaurant 20
The Borodino Market is a historic, one room school house dedicated to tion in knowing that the graceful Spafford Hills, the fair waters of Skaneateles Lake, and God’s pure air
(7434 Fair Haven Road, Homer NY ♦ www.theglenhaven.com) is actually on the
Slow Food, and located at Schoolhouse Farms in Borodino, a
and sunlight of Heaven spread over all, are all still there, and cannot be diverted by the commercialism
pesticide-free, Eco-ganic micro-farm of heirloom vegetables, black
of man…”
east side of the lake in Fair Haven. This site was originally a tea room in the early
currants, and sunflowers. Open May – December. For specific hours

Although much of the forested land has matured, and in some stretches obscured the
1900s, before being converted to a guest house called the “Rest Haven” in the
visit www.borodinomarket.blogspot.com or call for an appointment. view of the lake, there are still many stretches of road on Route 41 that provide breath-
1920s.It operated as a speakeasy during the prohibition era. In the 1940s

the structure was renamed “The Glen Haven Hotel” after the historic resort
P.D.H. Buffalo Farm 7
taking views of the vista Collins described. The view Collins described still exists, also
and although a few rooms were available for rent, it remained primarily a
2500 Route 41A, Moravia
known for its spectacular vantage point of a Skaneateles Lake sunset, on Route 41
♦ (315) 496-2925
tavern. The Glen Haven has continued to operate as a waterfront restaurant
Organic, free-range, grass-fed buffalo meat is sold year-round
at the Cortland County Line Rest-Stop. 8 since the 1980s, and is accessible to its guests by both road and water. The
(Sun, Wed, Thurs, Fri 10am-1pm) at the 80-acre farm next to scenic Bear
restaurant offers casual fine dining overlooking the lake and is open
Swamp. Meat sales are also available at the Syracuse Regional Farmer’s Market
seasonally Mother’s Day–Columbus Day Weekend.
(Sat. 7am-1pm). Buffalo Safari Tours are available seasonally (May-October) and offer visitors
Call for hours (607) 749-3779.
a 45-minute tour to view the buffalo herd amongst the picturesque farmland. Call ahead for
safari appointments.
Water Recreation
Just down the road from the Glen Haven Restaurant
is the Glen Haven School and
Glacial Signatures
The Skaneateles Lake Watershed is an enormous recreational

resource for swimming, boating, and fishing. The clear, deep 12


Public Library, 2 1 located in Fair Haven
waters make for a refreshing swim on a hot day. Clift Park 10
at the head of Skaneateles Lake. The school was
The character of the Finger Lakes landscape is greatly influenced by its glacial past. Two separate ice
designed by Ehrick K. Rossiter, a noted New York
(on W. Genesee Street) features a public swimming area, as well as a
events took place that transformed the Finger Lakes Region’s “V” shaped riverbeds into the characteristic
City architect and summer resident of the Glen
great view of the lake, park benches, and a gazebo.
“U” shaped lake valleys that we see today. The first was the Kansan glacier that flowed over the region
Haven Hotel and Water Cure. Built in 1901, the

about one million years ago and is considered to be responsible for the major changes in the landscape,
The Skaneateles fishery is a deep cold water fishery, with the exception
building’s Colonial Revival style resembles many of its cottage
such as the deepening and widening of the existing streambeds. The second was the Wisconsinian glacier,
of the warmer littoral areas (close to shore) and shallow bottom
neighbors, and its north porch mimics the prow of a ship. It is now
which withdrew 13,000 years ago and followed some of the same paths as the Kansan, but left behind rock
areas of the north and south ends of the lake. The lake’s
listed on the New York State and National Registers of Historic
deposits, including a linear ridge of glacial till just south of the Finger Lakes. This deposit, known as the
fishery includes yellow perch, chain pickerel, small mouth bass, large mouth
Places. The teachers of the school provided an excellent
Valley Heads Moraine, effectively dammed the southward flowing streams, and in doing so created
bass, rock bass, pumpkinseed and bluegill. Important cold water species
Bear Swamp education for elementary children until 1968. When the school
Skaneateles Lake, as well as most of the other Finger Lakes. Today this moraine acts as a dividing line
include rainbow trout, land-locked salmon, and lake trout. In addition to wild
State Forest
closed, it had the distinction of being one of the last operating one-
between the northern lakes and streams that flow north to the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River, and the
populations, the lake is also stocked yearly with rainbow trout and salmon.
room public schools in the state. Its chartered New York State
southern lakes and streams that flow south to the Susquehanna River. The effect of this glacial damn can

public library, located in the northern half of the building, was an
equally valuable area resource during those 67 years. In 1975, the
be seen first-hand by looking at the path of Grout Brook 9 on the map as it flows south along
As both boating and fishing are popular activities
Route 41 before doing a “U” turn and heading back north as it enters the southern tip of the lake.
on the lake, they are also associated with lake
Glen Haven Historical Society (GHHS) was organized and set
stewardship. Aquatic invasive species, such as zebra mussels, Eurasian
about to rescue and preserve the Glen Haven School and Public
Grout Brook is popular with anglers and offers many public fishing areas. watermilfoil and a number of other harmful animals and weeds, can wreak
Library by restoring it to its original beauty. Through their efforts
Grout Brook’s cold, flowing waters and rocky streambed provide ideal spawn- havoc on a lake when they are introduced from another location. Skaneateles
the building has again become an important community resource:
ing habitat for Skaneateles Lake’s wild rainbow trout. In fact, Skaneateles Lake in particular has established populations of Eurasian watermilfoil that, if
a gathering place for local year-round and lakeshore seasonal
Lake is one of only two Finger Lakes with abundant wild trout populations — left unmanaged, can have a negative impact on lake use. Boaters and fisher-
residents alike, a lending library, and a living museum. During the
the other is Keuka Lake. Rainbow trout fingerlings commonly spend 2-3 years men alike should take precautions to thoroughly inspect their vessels and
summer, the GHHS hosts weekly open houses in July and August
in the brook after they hatch, then they move downstream to the lake. It has equipment before and after leaving the lake to remove any plant fragments,
from 1:00 - 3:00 p.m., monthly educational programs that focus on
been estimated that several thousand 7-inch wild rainbows move out of Grout seeds, mud, bilge water, or mussels and dispose of them on land. Likewise,
the history and the natural history of the area, and lively book
Brook every year. The trout spend another 2-3 years in the lake and grow to bait fish, live wells, and other water that could carry microscopic “hitch hikers”
discussions. For specific program information or to make
18-21 inches in size before returning to the brook to spawn. should never be dumped or shared between waterways.
arrangements to visit the building at other times, please call
Charles Jermy at 607-749-4365 or cwj1@cornell.edu
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