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Pkjh fJfsjk; dk uPwdhd trkj
s[;hA ndhp s/ y'ih b'e i/, T[; s'A th nrKj ;kv/ y;{;h gqkj[D/ U.”
ghNo gfjbh BIo/ jh w[jZpsh, ;bhe/dko ns/ nkgD/ j[Bo *u
nkgD/ pbp's/ x[zwD tkbk d/t dod j'oK dk sIopk uzrk
fBg[zB ikfgnk.T[; B/ ewkB ;zGkbfdnK fpnkB eoBk P[o{ ehsk,
fojk ;h. ;jh wknfBnK ftu ;?bkBhnK tkbk ;[nkd sK fJT[A jh
“;odko ih J/j dZ;D dh s/ Io{os e'^Bh fe Pkjh febk fJe pzB/
nkT[Adk j?. fe;/ d/ ezXkV/ uVQ e/ ehsh ;?o tko tko w[EkIh dk
izri{ gzikp dh skoh\ dk uPwdhd rtkj j? t/ s/ d{i/ pzB/ w[rb s/
nfj;k; eokT[Aadh ofjzdh j?, pzdk y[ZbQ e/ ftuoB s'A ;ze'u jh eodk
f;Zy fJwkos^ebk dk p'i'V Bw{Bk nky ;ed/ tK. gfjbK P[o{nksh
j?. go ;kv/ w/IpkBK ƒ ;kvk fJj wPtok w{b'A g;zd BjhA nkfJnk.
d"o ftu fJj eZuk febk nytkT[Adk ;{. nbpo{Bh dh fbys d;dh
xo rZvhnK ns/ vokfJto j'D ns/ gqkj[D/ nkN'^foefPnK T[s/
J/ gJh 1021 JhH ftu ;[bskB wfjw{d rIBth B/ th fJE/ w[ekw
tZyhnK GzBkT[Ad/ fcoB, rZb sK w/IpkB dh j/mh tkbh jh ;h.
ehsk ;{. fJE/ Pjkp{dhB r'oh d/ jwb/ th j'J/. fco 1241 ftu sK
ftu^ftukb/ dk c?;bk fJj j'fJnk fe B;ohB nzi[w GZNh ;kƒ eko
w[rbK B/ fJ;ƒ n;b'A spkj eo fdZsk ;{. nZr/ 1267 ftu ;[bskB
s/ Pkjh feb/ ftu bkj nkt/rh ns/ Pkw ƒ b? nkt/rh. fJT[A fdB/A
pbpB B/ fJ; feb/ ƒ Bt/A f;foT[A pDtkfJnk. s?w{o d/ jwfbnK
n;hA wB^woIh Bkb x[zw ;ed/ ;K.
Bkb 1398 ftu J/j fJe t/oK fco spkj j' frnk. 1441 ftu
“pkJh ih gZrK B/ nZi c/o pd/PhnK tkbh wfjzrh fNeN dk
;[bskB w[pkoe Pkj B/ fco pDtkfJnk. J/soK ih eJh t/o
iIhnk b[nk d/D?A, nkgK th N'ghnK Bk Xo bhJ/ f;o s/<” j;fdnK
Yfjzdk^T[;odk fojk J/ fJj febk.”
w?A pbd/t f;zx ;VeBkwk Bkb nkgDk wfjzr/ Gkn fwT{Ihnw t/yD
n;b ftu sK fJ; feb/ ƒ 1566 ;zB ftu wjkB w[rb
tkbk sIopk ;KMk ehsk.
pkdPkj nepo B/ gZek ns/ tZvk eotkfJnk. nZr'A T[jd/ tko;K
“e"D bJ/rk XkvQ/ s'A tkX{ g?;/<” GZNh j'oK B/ g{o/ XVZb/ Bkb
ijKrho, Pkj ijkB, n"ozrI/p B/ nkgD/ fj;kp, nkgDhnK Io{osK
fejk.
w[skpe, nkgD/ ;[ji^;[nkdK w[skpe fJ; ftu eJh Bt/A tkX/ ehs/.
T[jh rZb j'Jh. Pkjh feb/ d/ w[Zy d[nko *u yVQ/ dopkB B/
“fJsoK jh f;Zy PfjBPkj wjkokik oDihs f;zx B/ nmQkothA
jZE d/ e/ eko o'eh. w{jobh ;hN T[s/ p?mh B;ohB nzi[w GZNh B/ eko
;dh d/ fgSb/ nZX ftu feb/ d/ T[soh fjZ;/ tZb/ fJe ftP/P fvc?A;
dk PhPk BhtK eoe/ fejk, “nbkg d/ wfjwkB B/.”
tkb skwho eotkJh. nkgDh fojkfJP tkb/ fjZ;/ ƒ UBQK e[M fjzd{
dopkB B/ ;b{N wko e/ ;kƒ bzxk fdZsk. B;ohB j'ohA sK
fJwkosekoh dhnK uhiK th fdZshnK. T[; d/ ekch t/ot/ ni/ w"i{d
;kƒ bkj e/ w[V rJ/ go ;kƒ fJe nbkg BK dh frZdV^f;zrh d/
B/ ih, s[;hA nkgD/ nZyhA t/yDk. w/o/ f\nkb ftu f;Zy j'D gko'A XkvQh
rJ/. n;hA fJ; dh ;G s'A gfjbh tos'A vkfJo?eNo d/ ewo/ *u ik
T[j uhiK t/yD bJh finkdk ukjs j't/rh. fisoK nkg ikDd/ Jh
e/ ehsh. ikd{ uZb frnk. T[;B/ mzvk th fgbkfJnk ns/ Pkjh febk
U PfjBPkj oDihs f;zx d/ t|ks gk ikD fgZS'A fpqfNP je{ws B/
ftykT[D bJh fJe nkjbk doi/ dk rkJhv th d/ fdZsk. nZr'A ;kvh
fJ; Pkjh feb/ T[s/ th sfjs iwk fbnk go T[jBK fJjd/ ftu
rkJhv ghNo w;hj Bkb th ikD^gSkD fBeb nkJh. T[j ;kv/ ikD{z
fJIkck e'Jh BJQhA ehsk. ;kb 1927 s'A J/j Pkjh febk P'npk^J/
gzikph ndhp n;ro nzfwqs;oh dk Pfrod fBefbnk. tkjtk i'V
^nkofenkb'ih d/ jtkb/ fojk J/. J/j sK i/ Pkjh feb/ d/ bzw/ no;/
i[V rJ/.
ftu c?b/ fJfsjk; dh w[\s;o s|;hb, nZr/ ik e/ ;G e[M dk
“;odko ih Gbk fezBk e[ ;wK j? i/ XkvQ/ e'b<” ghNo B/ ;?o
BIkok s[;hA nkgDh nZyhA sZeDk ih.” fJe' ;kj/ p'bd/ ghNo B/
bJh o{g^o/yk fsnko eoB d/ BIohJ/ s'A gZ[fSnk.
nyho w[;eoKfdnK tZvk ;kok ;kj fbnk. fJT[A bZfrnk fit/A fe;/
“j?r/ B/ S/^;Zs xzN/ sK.” n;hA nkgD/ tZb'A osk y[Zb/Q tes dk
B/ efVZu d/D/ pNB dZp e/ N/g foekovo pzd eo fdZsh j't/. jo o'I
ftyktk ehsk.
;?bkBhnK w{jo/ fJjh e?;/N ubkT[AfdnK ;kohnK soheK^;zBK ƒ
“c/o sK w'Nh Mks Jh tZi ;eBh J/A, y[Zbk^v[Zbk tes j'Adk sK
T[;B/ x'Nk ukVQ bk fbnk brdk ;h.
yke;ko B/ XkvQ/ nZr/ feb/ d/ Io/ Io/ dh skohy fpnkB eo SZvDh ;{,
77 78
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