This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
1
The CraCow DisTriCT sightseeing section
Jurassic Highland Chain, known as eagles’ nests
because of their spectacular location, were built or
extended. The castles in the district in Ojców and
istory
Pieskowa Skała were also built at that time.
h
th e Ja g i e L L o n i a n mo n a r c h y . When the Lithuanian
prince Jogaila – after his coronation called
Władysław Jagiełło (or Ladislaus Jagiello) –
ascended the Polish throne, Cracow became
the capital of the vast Polish-Lithuanian state,
stretching from the Baltic to the Black Sea and
Blazon of the Jagiellon dynasty, photo archives of Wikimedia Commons
from the Carpathians to the area of Moscow.
The Cracow region gained new opportunities beginning of the 16
th
century – churches in
for development, being the area located closest Racławice and Paczółtowice were built.
to the capital of the new empire. The reign of the last two kings of the Jagiel-
Jogaila’s successors –the kings of the Jagiel- lon dynasty – Sigismund I the Old and Sigis-
lon dynasty – maintained the status of their mund II Augustus – was the golden age of the
capital and the surrounding land. The Cracow entire monarchy, both in the terms of culture
area was not disturbed by raids or marches of and economy. The aristocratic families from
troops, although the border with Silesia, which Lesser Poland who were quickly becoming
at that time was a part of the Czech kingdom, wealthy producing grain, invested their funds
was nearby. The line of fortifications erected by in their own castles instead of Gothic churches,
King Casimir the Great fortunately turned out to built in the fashionable Renaissance style in
be necessary in only a very few skirmishes. imitation of the royal Wawel Castle.
The second half of the 15
th
century, the It was then that the Tęczyn Castle gained
period of greatest power of the Jagiellon dy- its Renaissance look, but the most splendid
nasty, when its members ruled the whole of monument of that period is Pieskowa Rock
Central Europe, welding power over Poland, (Pieskowa Skała).
Lithuania, the Czech Kingdom and Hungary,
set its stamp on the Cracow region with nu- no b L e s ’ re p u b L i c . The reign of the Jagiellon
merous churches built in the Gothic style. It dynasty in Poland ended with Sigismund Au-
was then that the chronicler and canon of gustus’s death in 1572. From then on Cracow
the Cracow cathedral, and at the same time was the seat of elective monarchs.
the teacher of Casimir Jagiellon’s sons – Jan The Sejm (Parliament) gained the most
Długosz – founded a beautiful brick church in power in the country, as the nobility elected the
Raciborowice. Wood was still the main material king in free election and aristocratic families
used for construction work in the country, and became particularly influential. After the elec-
several architectural masterpieces were made tion of Sigismund III Vasa in 1587, the centre
of wood. Local carpenters erected a church in of power started to move north. Soon, the king
Wola Radziszowska and a little later – at the decided to move his seat to Warsaw.
12
Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84
Produced with Yudu - www.yudu.com