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The Nomes of Ancient Egypt

Hut-nesu / Hut-
nesut (Gr.
Der Bekrallte33 (Anty)34 Sharuna, Mod. el- Temple of Horus? Dated to the Ptolemaic period Nemty35 Kom el-Ahmar
18. UE (Eastern bank of the Nile or Sawaris) including el-Hiba to opposite Nemty Sekhmet Horus
el-Lahun) Anty? Teudjai/Teudjoi? (Gr. Temple of
Sekhmet Temples built by Sheshonq
Mod. el-Hiba) Temple of Anty?
This nome (portrayed on a standard) has been called various names, including “The Falcon nome”, “Falcon with Spread Wings” and “Falcon on a Barque”. There has also
been discussion as to whether the nome sign represents Anty or Nemty, although all indications show that it is Anty. . The nome is recorded in the chapel of Sneferu’s Bent
Pyramid. The major town during Dynasty 12 was Hut-nesu (which was also mentioned in temple inscriptions during the Ptolemaic period). By Dynasty 20, two other towns were
of significance, i.e. Hut Benu and Beni Suef. This province was also mentioned in the Nitrokris stela?

No remains earlier than the
Two Sceptres (wAbwy) Temple of Seth? Roman period; although the
19. UE (Western bank of the Nile or
Per-Medjed (Gr.
Igay36 Seth Oxyrhynchus, Cult of the area achieved some
from el-Bahnasa to Biba?) Mod. el-Bahnasa) Mormyrus fish? importance during the
Ptolemaic period.

Sometimes referred to as “The Pure Sceptre” or the “Double Sceptre”, the nome sign is shown on a standard. This nome is attested during the reigns of Sahure and Niuserre.
Nothing appears to be known about this district during the Ramesside era, although it is thought that Spr mrw was the old capital, an autonomous town within the urban district
of Hardai. The town of Per-Medjed is also thought to have been administered independently in this nome. The Senusret Kiosk also mentions local areas as Wensi and Iaq.
Mention is made in the “adoption” stela of Nitocris of an estate named Putowe in this nome. It has been suggested that this province was the legendary site of the final battle of
Horus against Seth. Called the Oxyrhynkhites nome during the Ptolemaic period.

33 Helck [1977], p.391 and translated as “The One With Claws”
34 Anty, a god (in falcon form) who was closely associated to Horus and Seth
35 Seth, in falcon form?
36 Seth, as a “sceptre god”
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