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The Nomes of Ancient Egypt

This temple has not been
Qesy/Qis (Gr. located although there was a
Back Pomegranate Tree26 Cusae, Mod. el- Temple of Hathor Roman Hathor shrine on the
(Nedjefet PehetI or Nedjefet ost but Hathor Qusiya) east bank at Quseir el-14. UE
Pehetet) or
Name l
thought to be Hathor Aten Amarna.
(The vicinity of Meir?) Originally called: Sema-behdet?
Akhet-Aten (el- Temples of Aten
Capital of the country in the
Amarna period.
The records in Sneferu’s chapel show that Cusae (north) was part of this nome. Sensuret’s kiosk shows that both Tell el-Amarna and Hatnub (see 15 UE) were part of this
nome during Dynasty 12. This nome appears to have been more important in Ptolemaic times, when it was called Phaturites, than in previous dynasties. In the Middle Kingdom
Cusae appears to have been an independent (autonomous) town, but it appears to have lost some of its importance in the New Kingdom.

Hare (Wenet or wn) Wenut Khemenu / Temple dated to Dynasty 12,
15. UE (The area surrounding el- Aha
28 Thoth29 Khmunu (Gr.
Ashmunein and or Wenut Aten Hermopolis Temple of Thoth
with additions made during
Dynasty 19 and Roman era.
Antinopolis)27 The Ogdoad Magna?, Mod. el-Aha Ashmunein) Capital of the nome.

The records of both Sneferu and Menkaure (triad) recognise this nome, the sign of which is shown on a standard. During the reign of Pepy I, records indicate that the city of
Hatnub was a town in the Hare nome. By Dynasty 12 the nome included Hermopolis and a town named Nefer wasi which was administered by the nomarch from Hermopolis.
By Dynasty 18, the town reverted back to the administration of the independent urban district. This administrative district is also mentioned in the “Adoption” stela of Nitocris
(Dynasty 26) where she inherits the estates of Nesumin from her mother (in a group of nomes called “the Southland”) and was called Hermopolites in Ptolemaic times. It is
thought that Tihna [Tuna] el-Gebel (refer to UE16) once belonged to this nome. Another town which is thought to have been in either this province or 16 UE was Hor-wer / Hor-
wer (Gr. Antinoopolis / Antinoupolis, Mod. el Sheik Ibada)

26 Helck [1977], p.390
27 It has been suggested that el-Amarna (Akhet-aten) was once included in this nome
28 Aha is thought to have been an early name for Bes
29 From the New Kingdom onwards, the consort of Thoth was a goddess named Nehmetawy
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