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The Nomes of Ancient Egypt
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Viper Mountain
(Atfet or Dw-f?) Per-Nemty (Gr.
12. UE (East bank of the Nile near or Mattit / Matyt Nemty Hierakon, Mod. Temple of Nemty Dated to Dynasty 13
Deir el-Gebrawi, opposite el-Atawla)
Asyut)

Also known as the “Viper” nome. Attested from the time of Sneferu. However, according to the listing from the tomb of Rekhmire, there does not appear to have been a major
town between that of Shas-hotep (11 UE) and Asyut (13 UE). It was only in the Ptolemaic lists that Hierakon was named as the major town. It has been suggested that this
area also housed a temple to Khnum in the time of Ramesses II.



Triad of deities in this nome,
Front Pomegranate Tree25 at a later date, were:
(Nedjefet Khentet) (1) Anubis, Hathor and
13. UE (West bank of the Nile, or Wepwawet Wepwawet
Saut (Gr.
surrounding and including Anubis
Lycopolis, Mod. Temple of
Asyut) Wepwawet
Wepwawet
(2) Osiris, Isis and
Asyut) Wepwawet.
Capital of the nome

Attested from the time of Sneferu. Sometimes named as “Upper Sycomore [fig] tree and Viper”. The main town, during the early part of the Old Kingdom, was Iakhemet
(meaning “well established”). It is thought that, in archaic times, Nomes 13 and 14 were one province, although the original nome was divided by Dynasty 4. The importance of
the major town of Asyut remained the same in both the Middle and Late Kingdoms, as it had during the latter part of the Old Kingdom. Mention is also made on the Sensuret
Kiosk of Cusae south, together with Saut (Lycopolis). The province itself was referred to as the Lycopolites nome in the Greco-Roman era.



25 Helck [1977], p.389
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