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The Nomes of Ancient Egypt
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UPPER EGYPT – THE SOUTHERN NOMES


Nome Nome Name and Location Nome Symbol White Chapel Deity Major Deities Cities Temples/Shrines Comments
The Temple of Khnum dates
to the 4th C. BCE. The
Abu (Gr. Temple of Khnum Temple of Satet probably
Elephantine) Temple of Satet dates to the predynastic era. Anuqet was worshipped in
Satet22
later times on the island and
Anuqet in the north of the province.
Khnum Sunet / Suentet?
(Gr. Syene, Mod. Temple of Isis Dating to the Old Kingdom?
1. UE Land of the Bow (tA sety)
Isis
Aswan)
(Area: see notes below) or Horus Horus Sobek
Hathor Nubyt (Gr. Sobek was the principal deity
Mandulis Ombos, Mod. Temple of Sobek at Nubyt. The temple is of
Arensnuphis Kom Ombo) with Horus Ptolemaic origin. Nome capital in Ptolemaic period.
Pawareq /
iat-req? (Gr. Temple complex Temples also to the Nubian
Philae, Mod. of Isis gods: Mandulis and
Gasirat el- Temple to Hathor Arensnuphis (Ari-hes-nefer)
Aswan?)
This nome, (also known as “Land of the Arch” and “Nubierland”23), was known (pictorially) from the reign of Niuserre (from his sun temple at Abu Ghurab). Generally shown on
a standard. It has been suggested that this province reached south into Nubia including both Gebel el-Silsila and Qustul in the proto-dynastic or early dynastic period. The limit
of Egypt itself, during Dynasty 8, was at Abu. During the time of Sensuret I the boundary was at Mirgissa. The frontier changed during the reign of Senusret III to Semna South,
then shrunk back to Buhen by the end of Dynasty 12. By Dynasty 17 the border stopped at Sehel. The northern borders appear (at some time) to have included Hierakonpolis
and possibly Edfu. The borders seem to have changed quite frequently, sometimes including only the urban districts of Elephantine and Ombos as noted by Dynasty 12. Abu
was originally the capital of the nome, and a boundary fort was erected on the island. The province was called “Ombites” in the Greco-Roman period. Sunet was mentioned in
Ezekiel (XXX 16) “… I will set Egypt on fire, and Syene will writhe in anguish …”. According to Wallis Budge [1904, p.96] the nome was called Ta-khent.




22 Original deity of Elephantine
23 Helck [1977], p.385
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