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The Nomes of Ancient Egypt
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The monolithic sanctuary
Tjebnetjer (Gr. Temple of shrine of Inheret-Shu and
Calf and Divine Cow (Tjeb Sebennytus, Mod. Inheret-Shu
18 and
Mehyt, set up by King
12. LE Netjeret?)
Onuris
or Block missing or no Mehyt Samanud)
Mehyt
Temple of Onuris Nakhthorhebyt, is now in the
(North-east Delta from entry Shu Cairo Museum (CG70015).
Sebennytus to the coast) Isis of Hebyt Hebyt (Gr. Iseum,
Mod. Behbeit el-
Temple of Isis of
Hagar) Hebyt
From the Ptolemaic era
Also known as “Calf with Cow” (Tjeb-ka?) or kA iw? Sebennytus was the major administrative centre of this nome, and was the capital of Egypt during Dynasty 30. The
province was called by two different names in the Greco-Roman era, Sebennytes and Onuphites.



Atum-Ra Temple of Atum- Temple from the Middle
re (HqAt-aD) Isis Iusaas
Iunu (Gr. Ra Kingdom (Senusret I)
13. LE Divine scept(South-east Delta apex) Bastet (of Su?) Mnevis Heliopolis, Mod.
Ra-Harakhte
el-Matariya)
Hathor (Biblical On) Temple of Hathor Temple from the Late Period
This nome has been called, variously: “Prospering Sceptre” (Heq-at), “Undamaged Sceptre” “Intact Sceptre”, and “Strong King”. However, it is thought that the true meaning of
the name is “The [ruler] King is Divine”19 In the Old Kingdom, this nome was referred to as the “Divine Sceptre East”, perhaps indicating the partitioning of a much larger nome
in archaic times. It has been suggested that the main town of this area (Iunu) was also called Pa-ra – The City of the Sun – hence the Greek name of Heliopolis, and referred to
as the Heliopolites nome. Also (allegedly) the place where the BenBen stone was found. In Jeremiah xliii 13, the town of Heliopolis was called Beth-Shemesh: literally, “house
of the sun”. Strabo (XVII,I,30) wrote that a very ancient city named Kher-aba was situated in this province, on the right bank of the Nile, slightly south of Iunu. The main town of
this nome was mentioned in Ezekiel (XXX 17).



18 Fused form of Onuris and Shu
19 Helck [1977], p.398
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