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ENERGY & MINING
IMAGES (Clockwise from top): Bauxite stone; Coal train;
Crystal of rutile; A Zircon stone.
that a further 6,000 jobs would be created by Australia’s
latest export deals with Asia. Many of these new
employees will be people living in remote and sparsely
populated areas of regional Australia, providing income
and stability for isolated communities. Additional jobs are
created in ancillary industries like tyre and fuel suppliers
and engineering works.
sustainability
Social researchers are working with the minerals
industry in an attempt to predict the challenges the
minerals industry will face in the future, and explore
pathways to social sustainability. In the past few
decades the mining industry in Australia has moved
FAst FActs:
to improve its environmental management. In the last
– Australia and China have signed the largest
decade it has been prominently involved in the global export deal in Australian history this year, worth
debate about sustainability, and the need to incorporate
A$50 billion.
sustainable development into mine operations as well as
– The mining sector is the largest employer of
corporate policy.
environmental professionals.
– Over the five years to 2008/9 all minerals
A great proportion of the area mined in Australia is
industry exports have totalled over A$441 billion.
Aboriginal land. The Aborigine’s Benefit Account was
– Australia is the largest exporter of black coal,
established to pass on royalties from the Northern
alumina, iron ore, lead and zinc and the second
Territory and Federal Governments for mining on largest exporter of uranium.
Aboriginal land to the people affected by the mining.
78 INVEST IN AUSTRALIA – INDIA
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