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apart as long technical training could be weeks or months in prison, return to hand-craftsmanship and
was no longer needed for the whipping and hard labour. artistry. Creating art that should be
limited skills necessary to run the affordable and handmade. And in
new machinery. Child labour was As a backlash to the Industrial , he founded the decorative arts
frequent and many paupers were Revolution the ‘Arts and Crafts firm of ‘Morris, Marshall, Faulkner
taken on as ‘apprentices’ at very Movement’ was born (c.70- & Co’ with Dante Gabriel Rossetti,
young ages and provided with low- c.920.) in Britain, Canada, Australia Edward Burne-Jones, Ford Madox
level accommodation and wages, and America. It was inspired by Brown and Philip Webb as partners
as well as being subject to the strict the writings of John Ruskin and a together with Charles Faulkner and
discipline required at mills. The romantic idealism of crafts-people P. P. Marshall.
punishment for running away from taking pride in their personal ‘The wonderful machines which in
your employment, even for children handywork. It was lead by artist the hands of just and foreseeing men
William Morris who in  studied would have been used to minimise
at Pembroke college in Oxford
where he met Edward Burne-Jones.
They were strongly influenced by
the paintings of the Pre-Raphaelites,
by John Ruskin’s writings and the
poetry of Lord Tennyson. William
Morris began to develop his
philosophy centred around rejecting
the industrialisation of decorative
arts and architecture in favour of a
Autumn 2009 | ukhandmade | 
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