This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
FIG
1
OPMENT
VEL
AND DE
O OF A L
T
HO
P
CIVIL ENGINEERING of civil engineering projects include land development, roads, bridges,
drainage system, sewage system, dredging, coastal protection and
It is surprising at the level of regulatory, technological and general infrastructure. Regulatory agencies and civic groups are taking
management challenges that has taken place within recent decades. a high level of interest in decision regarding civil project development.
Civil engineering practice is much more complicated today and has Civil engineers guide the technical process and preparation of design
become heavily involved by many individuals participating in design, and planning of projects to obtain approval and permission from the
review and the construction process. To most people civil projects necessary authorities. Data collection and parameters for design add a
appears to be rough, heavy, lack aestetics and more of producing and significant part of the engineering process and include such information
end result purely for function. Civil engineering is an art and science of rainfall, temperature, traffic count and weight of vehicles, soil
beneficial to all economies and social well being. testing, wave actions, utilities layout, water pressure & distribution,
CIVIL&STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING
stability of slopes, earthworks and general science of materials. . Civil
Society has become a lot more sophisticated and end users engineers have to work along with key professionals some of which
expectation has increase significantly. Civil engineering projects impact include planners, surveyors, land use attorneys, developers and public
the natural environment, transportation, infrastructure and quality reviewers all of whom are involve in sometime complex processes. All
of life for all of a society. Some environmental issues include erosion civil projects have an impact on the quality of life, public safety and
control, water resources, waste disposal and management. Other types human development.
Tel: (268) 562-4846
Cell: (268) 764-8269
Fax: (268) 562-4847
Email: waynemartinaep@gmail.com
St. Mary’s Street, Box 2612,
St. John’s,
Antigua
BusinessFocus • August/September 2008 | 61
Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79