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CIVIL&STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING
structural analysis to size individual mem-
STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING
of structural systems to resist gravitational
bers, sectional properties, connections and
load, lateral loads (earthquakes, hurricane
other details. There are several design codes,
Structural Engineering and design can be
and blast), internal transfer system and the
techniques and computer based software
defined as a problem solving activity where
prevention of progressive collapse. In addi-
to facilitate challenging calculations and to
one is engaged in defining requirements and
tion structural design takes into considera-
generate results. All design work would be
restraints. All structures – buildings, bridges,
tion the type of construction materials, soil
represented by detail engineering drawings
retaining walls, water retaining structures,
condition, temperature, shrinkage, design
with specification to enable construction
off shore structures and jetties just to name
philosophy and construction technique.
and fabrication for the intended use, func-
a few, require analysis and design with the
Structural analysis is concern about collapse,
tion and importance by the public, private
intent to be able to withstand natural and
stability, force distributions, stress, strain,
citizen and end users. Structural engineers
imposed forces and loadings, and to prevent
displacement, deflections and dynamic
are trained experts that provide specialized
failure of the structures.
response.
professional service to make structures safe,
Design decisions are considered a high
Detail design is considered more of a low
functional, comfortable and capable of
level activity and involve the determination
level activity and utilizes results from the
enduring the test of time.
60 | BusinessFocus • August/September 2008
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