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Standards for ‘Smart Cities’ CITIES, DATA, STANDARDS

‘Smart Citi es’ are increasingly promoted as a potenti al soluti on to all kinds of problems associated with urbanisati on. The concept relies on making innovati ve use of data sources across the city to achieve specifi c outcomes: bett er services that can improve a citi zen’s quality of life, for example, or more effi cient transportati on that could reduce the city’s environmental impact. How can we help city leaders unlock this data to deliver their aspirati ons and demonstrate value for money to citi zens and investors alike?


ne urgent task is to help cities determine the outcomes they

want to achieve so that people know what is on offer. Innovators can explain the benefi ts of their solutions and city authorities can spend public funds with confi dence. Voluntary consensus standards provide a powerful tool to share good practice, providing agreed ways of doing things are published openly.

British Standards Institution (BSI), as the UK’s

national standards body, was commissioned by the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills to identify where good practice can help cities plan, procure and implement smart technologies. One of the fi rst standards (PAS 181), published in February this year, provides a framework to guide decisions on how to create smart cities. Other standards will cover an overview of the concept, a common vocabulary (PAS 180), and guidelines on planning. These good practice standards will help cities develop smart projects designed around citizen’s needs. To deliver these projects, cities will need a holistic view of the information that is available across the city, much of which will come from buildings and infrastructure assets. From 2016, all public sector construction projects in the UK will use Level 2 Building Information Modelling (BIM) to manage information in the delivery phase. As cities become smarter, the information and data gathered will go beyond the delivery to the operational and maintenance phase. Standards such as the BIM standard PAS 1192-3, which covers data transfer processes between these phases, as well as throughout the life-cycle of an asset will be critical in specifying how this data is captured and should lead to signifi cant cost savings in the way the assets are managed.

The UK approach considers three levels of good practice standards for smart cities.


GOVERNMENT Department for Business, Innovation & Skills Floor 4, Victoria 2 within 1 Victoria St, London, SW1H 0ET (0207 215 1630) Website: E-mail:

PROFESSIONAL INSTITUTIONS Institution of Civil Engineers 1 Great George Street, Westminster, London, SW1P 3AA (020 7222 7722; fax 020 7222 7500) Website: E-mail:

Institution of Structural Engineers 11 Upper Belgrave Street, London, SW1X 8BH (020 7235 4535; fax 020 7235 4294) Website: E-mail:

(Source: BSI Smart City Event Journal)

Cities will want to integrate this data with other sources of information, such as GSM data and local authority databases. This will require new data protocols and interoperability standards. As a fi rst step, BSI is developing a smart city data concept model (PAS 182) that will allow data from different sources to be compared and analysed.

This is a rapidly growing global market, estimated to be worth around $400 billion per year within a few years. The strategic approach taken by the UK towards smart city standards has led directly to an invitation to chair a new international advisory group on the overall standards landscape that cities and industry urgently need. Bundling the UK’s world-leading smart city standards with other UK initiatives, such as the Technology Strategy Board demonstrator projects in Bristol, Glasgow, London and Peterborough, is a vital step towards creating a ‘UK brand’ for future cities.

For further information please contact Scott Steedman CBE FREng and Dan Palmer, BSI Group (020 8996 7100; E-mail: scott.steedman@


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Its sponsors wish to promote the benefi ts of research and innovation, improve contacts between industry and researchers, encourage investment by industry in research and innovation and the use of results in practice, and facilitate collaboration between all the parties involved. Articles may be reproduced, provided the source is acknowledged.


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RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS Centre for Innovative and Collaborative Construction Engineering (CICE) Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU (01509 228549) Website: E-mail:

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Innovation & Research Focus is edited and typeset by the Editorial Team at Venables Consultancy and published by the Institution of Civil Engineers, Great George Street, London SW1P 3AA, UK. ISSN 0960 5185

© Institution of Civil Engineers, 2014 Printed on 100% recycled FSC standard paper Innovation & Research Focus Issue 97 MAY 2014

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