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Recycling November 7 2013 Weekly & WA S T E W O R L D For the latest news and in-depth features, visi t www. recycl ingwastewor In this issue:

Carbon Trust raises waste standards

Moving resources safely and speedily

When it comes to materials handling, speed and efficiency (along with safety) is of the essence. We take a look at some of the options on the market.

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David Burrows Freelance writer

Segmentation: A tool for local authorities?

Waste Awareness Wales have launched a model that aims to become an essential tool for councils' marketing development.

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EUROPEAN COUNTRIES could have to charge for plastic bags or even ban them under new proposals published this week. The introduction of an EU-wide reduction target is also being considered as part of the European Commission’s plans to cut carrier bag consumption “by up to 80%”. Retailers claim the

proposals ignore the success of voluntary initiatives, which have helped cut the number of bags used per person from 500 a year in 2008 to 198 in 2010. Others suggest the proposals are too soft, not least because member states can set their own reduction targets. Environment

commissioner Janez Potoˇ

cnik said the planned

Find out the latest in facilities management

Which show is relaunching at ExCel London in June next year? Discover who has won a £38m FM contract with Mitchells & Butlers.

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changes would introduce an “obligation” on member states to reduce the use of plastic bags, but they would be given “flexibility” in terms of the measures they use. These measures “may include economic instruments such as charges, national reduction targets and marketing restrictions,” he said. Central to the new

proposals are amendments to

the Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive. The directive (94/62/

EC) was adopted in order to prevent or reduce the impact of packaging and packaging waste on the environment, but the commission wants the law to specifically address carrier bags. If the changes are

approved, article 4 (prevention) of the directive will require member states to “take measures to reduce the consumption of lightweight plastic carrier bags” and provide usage data. Those with higher levels

of consumption will also be encouraged to introduce “more ambitious efforts”. In 2010, an estimated

98.6 billion plastic carrier bags were placed on the EU market, which amounts to every EU citizen using 198 per year. However, annual consumption figures vary greatly between member states: in Denmark and Finland it’s four bags per person per year while in Poland, Portugal and Slovakia it is 466. The average UK person uses 137 plastic bags annually, which is lower than the EU average; but data released by WRAP this summer showed usage had crept up by 1.1% in 2012. In its evidence paper, the

commission highlights the use of taxes and levies as a “particularly effective” tool to cut carrier bag use. Last month, Scotland

and England committed to introduce bag taxes (by 2014 and 2015 respectively), citing evidence from countries like Switzerland and Wales where consumption has been cut by up to 75% following the introduction of charging schemes. Potoˇ

cnik, who has put

plans for an EU-wide reduction target on hold due the “very large differences” in consumption levels, said the commission has moved to amend the regulations following “repeated calls by member states” and “widespread public interest”. But retail and packaging

groups were quick to condemn his proposals. “The most effective way to reduce the environmental impact of a carrier bag is to reuse the bag, or in the case of lightweight plastic carrier bags, to ensure better collection rates and higher levels of recyclability,” said Christian Verschueren of EuroCommerce, which represents European retailers and wholesalers. Verschueren also questioned the need for the changes given that the packaging regulations are up for review next year anyway.

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EU proposes to change bag use

THE CARBON Trust has launched its new Carbon Trust Waste Standard, awarded to organisations able to demonstrate that they are measuring, managing and reducing waste year on year. Following the completion

of a pilot stage, five businesses have become the first to achieve the award. They are Whitbread, PwC, AkzoNobel Decorative Paints UK, Renishaw and the Football Association. A recent Carbon Trust

survey of executives in large companies in the UK, USA, China, South Korea and Brazil found that only a third (33%) saw waste as a priority environmental area to focus on in order to compete effectively, and only a fifth (21%) had targets in place. The Carbon Trust

Waste Standard requires organisations to measure, manage and reduce their solid and hazardous waste. To achieve the standard

organisations need to demonstrate that waste streams are being reduced every year, or used more effectively, for example through increased reuse, recycling or recovery. The standard also includes

a qualitative assessment to show that waste is being

managed responsibly. This will include considerations outside of an organisation’s direct control, such as having a diligent procurement policy for goods and waste management services, and looking at downstream impacts through products and packaging. Tom Delay of the Carbon

Trust said: "Reducing waste and resource use is a crucial part of the transformation that all businesses will need to make in the next decade. "By taking early action,

the businesses that hold our standards are showing themselves to be genuine leaders and are putting themselves in a much stronger competitive position." wastestandard

Construction begins on Glasgow facility

CONSTRUCTION IS about to start on a £154m advanced waste treatment facility at Polmadie in Glasgow. Once complete, the plant is anticipated to handle 200,000 tons of residual waste a year and is expected to generate enough renewable energy to power the equivalent of 22,000 households and heat 8,000 homes. The plant will also assist the council to increase recycling within the city with approximately 18% of recyclate being extracted from the residual waste per year. The facility forms part of Glasgow City Council’s 25-year residual waste procurement contract; estimated to be worth around £1.2bn.


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