World oceans, a cornucopia of goods and services O2
O2 O2 O2 O2 O2 O2
emerging that internalise the external costs of environmentally damaging practices and reward those who create external benefits through sound uses. Sustainable practices can improve the current and future economic, nutritional, cultural and societal value of oceans to people and guarantee these values far into the future.
This report highlights ways to reduce the environmental impact and improve the environmental, economic and social sustainability of traditional and emerging ocean-oriented economies. The chapters that follow show where fisheries, tourism and maritime transportation can take steps to reduce their impact on the marine environment. In doing so, these industries themselves can become more efficient and profitable and sustainable and can contribute
directly to the sustainability and productivity of other businesses and livelihoods that depend on healthy oceans and coasts. The authors also explore what it will mean to “green” emerging ocean economic activities including energy generation, aquaculture and the mining of deep- sea minerals. Lastly, the volume highlights how ‘greening’ the agriculture, wastewater and fertilizer industries could transform the nutrient economy with substantial benefits to ocean sustainability.
Throughout, the report demonstrates that creating a green economy in the blue world, one that
“improves human well-being and
social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities” means creating sustainable jobs, lasting economic value and increased social equity.